Celery is among the champions in the content of vitamins and microelements. Growing root celery on your plot will not be difficult, you need only make a little effort and follow the rules of care in the open field. And so that time was not wasted, you should be familiar with the basic rules of agricultural engineering.
Table of Contents
- The difference in the care of the root and leaf celery
- Harvesting and storing the crop
Description and characteristics of the root celery
Herb plant belonging tontichnym cultures, characterized by medium and large sizes( up to 1 m) from the bulk of the root portion. Preferred habitat: wetlands, marshland, salt marshes .
Brief description of the external signs:
- pin-dissected leaf shape;
- furrowed-branched stem;
- greenish-white flowers, collected in umbrella inflorescences.
Features of the plant: cold resistance, a great need for moisture
In nature, there are 3 types of celery: root, pedicel, leaf, stem .Especially popular is the root variety, in which all parts have a strong aroma, have a sweet-bitter taste. Due to the unusual flavor notes, the plant is classified as a spice in cooking.
The history of the origin of
The centuries-old history of celery left its mark in ancient Rome, Egypt and Greece long before our era. The plant was cultivated for various purposes: ornamental, medicinal and even cult.
The leaves of decorated the homes and temples of the on holidays, honored the athletes who won the competition, weaving wreaths of greenery.
Women already at that time appreciated the unique properties of the culture, using both the aboveground part and the root crop to prepare masks. Due to the abundance of vitamins and minerals, the skin has long preserved its youth. Celery was mentioned in the works of the ancient Greek poet Homer: "Iliad", "Odyssey".
The root crop came to Russia during the reign of Catherine the Great, but the plant was grown for a long time as an ornamental plant. Decades passed before the culture moved from the flowerbeds to the beds. Until our time, the above-ground part of celery is the most popular, although the root also deserves attention.
The correct agricultural cultivation in the garden area
In general, the agricultural technology of celery is simple, however, there are several nuances that must be considered before sowing and in the care of the garden at the cottage.
Planting time for seedlings of
In the southern regions of , the root celery can be planted by planting seeds directly in open ground. This is due to the cold resistance of the culture and the ability to tolerate short-term frosts.
For the middle band it is recommended to plant a seedling method, in which the first crop can be harvested 3-4 weeks earlier than usual.
Planted seedlings to receive seedlings from early February to March 15-20. .While nature is sleeping and slowly awakening after a winter sleep, the seedlings will ascend and grow strong before the start of the planting period.
Before sowing, it is recommended to soak the seed in room temperature water. This need is explained by the presence of essential oils on the surface of the seed.
On the one hand, this protection is welcome, as it prevents the fungal disease .On the other hand, the oil layer prevents the rapid germination of seeds, so they are soaked for 1-2 days with periodic replacement of water.
It is not worth reusing grains in a liquid, after swelling they lose their germination. A sign of readiness for planting will be the appearance of scanty shoots( beaks on the seed).
Care of seedlings in the garden
Box or container with planting covered with glass or film and placed in a warm place for germination. Periodically remove the shelter for airing and moistening with a sprayer( watering is done only when the soil dries out).
After 7-10 days, shoots appear. When mass sprouting of shoots is detected, the container with seedlings moves to the well-lit area. The sun's rays are necessary for the normal course of the process of photosynthesis, which affects the growth and development of the plant.
Optimal conditions in addition to lighting require compliance with a certain temperature. 16 degrees is considered acceptable. When placing the seedlings in a cooler room, there is a slowdown in the development of culture during the formation of seedlings and after transplantation into open ground.
. Watering is carried out by once a week. .It is important to prevent the soil from drying out, otherwise the seedlings will die. The sprouts are very tender, therefore a spray bottle should be used for moistening. It is also important to prevent drafts.
After 2 true leaves are formed on the seedlings, a pick is made. Each sprout is placed together in a separate container( for example, a plastic cup) filled with a substrate. When transferring a plant, you need to pinch the main root, shortening it to 1/3 part.
In order for the seedlings to quickly take root in the open ground 2 weeks before transplantation, it is recommended to apply fertilizer from complex fertilizers, solution of humate .Organic matter will also work: compost, bird droppings solution, etc. It is also important to temper so as not to injure the young shoots by abruptly changing habitat.
Planting seedlings in open ground
If this was not possible, a number of activities should be carried out in the spring:
- to dig a bed to an depth of at least 30 cm ;
- to conduct disinfection with ( spraying with a solution of potassium permanganate or copper sulfate);To enrich
- with organic matter( 1-2 buckets of humus per 1 m2) or complex mineral fertilizers( 20 grams of urea + 9 grams of superphosphate + 15 grams of potassium chloride).
After the work done, it is recommended to cover the prepared soil with a film before planting so that the earth does not cool. Celery loves loose soil, if necessary, the soil should be lightened with river sand or peat.
is usually planning to plant the celery seedlings from the middle of May. .By this time, the soil has time to warm up, and night temperatures rarely fall below 5-6 degrees. Cloudy day or windless evening are ideal for transferring seedlings to an open garden bed.
When disembarking, it is worth considering the correct landing pattern:
- does not need to grow a growing point into the soil; it should remain at the same level with the ground surface;
- the distance between the seedlings is about 30 cm ( there will be no high yields on the thickened bed);
- after planting plants abundantly watered .
The rules of care in the country
The plant is very fond of moisture, so the watering is carried out 1 every 2-3 days .In hot weather, moisturizing is carried out every day. All types of systems are suitable for irrigation, and the best combination of sprinkling with drip irrigation.
Weeding and loosening
Weed control for celery is just as important as for other vegetable crops. Root development requires space that can be occupied by weeds.
The weeding procedure, as a rule, is combined with the loosening of the soil. , the plant responds well to the loose soil structure. The immersion depth of the instrument is 5-7 cm. Frequency of work - 1 time in 2 weeks .Loosening at the beginning of the growing season can be done more often, especially after precipitation.
During the growing season, the crop needs additional feedings. They are held for the season three times .Organic fertilizers are ideal, in particular weed grass infusion. Supplement the diet of the plant can be complex minerals.
For the first treatments, it is recommended to use herbal extracts , in the middle of the growing season will be more appropriate fertilizer from a mullein solution or , which are enriched with micro and macro elements useful for the plant. At the end of the summer, superphosphate or boric acid is used.
is used as a fertilizer Difference in the care of root and leaf celery
There are some differences in the agricultural techniques of leaf and root celery. They are not significant, but the formation of the roots is still influenced.
- The root variety has for a longer vegetation period( 150-190 days), so seedlings begin earlier than leaf varieties.
- A special feature of the root celery is the double picking with shortening the main root by a third. Such procedures for other types are not provided.
- In order to get a large-sized root vegetable, it is not recommended to cut the leaves throughout the summer. A few days before harvesting side shoots are cut. In the agrotechnology of a leaf plant there are no such requirements.
- Hilling is performed with celery leaf varieties, the root species does not need it. Taking care of it involves dumping soil from the root to prevent the development of lateral roots.
- Celery is hygrophilous, however, when growing a root crop, watering should be regulated from June to October. The ground should be wet, but not wet( prevention of fungal infections).
Harvesting and storing the crop
Harvesting the root crops usually begins in October .It is kept on the beds until the frost. Harvesting should be carried out in dry weather .Extracted roots gently cleaned from the ground and dried. With them you need to cut all the leaves.
Among the methods of harvesting, often used by housewives, freezing. Peeled fruits are cut into plates and placed in a plastic bag. Before use, you just need to give thawed out in a natural way.
The celery crop, due to its rich vitamin composition, is included in the therapeutic and dietary menu, therefore, to grow such a useful product in your garden is a must. In addition, it does not hurt anyone to diversify the diet with delicious dishes with a pleasant aroma. Plant and grow a plant is easy, the main thing is to care properly.