How does a washing machine work

Probably, few people thought about how a washing machine works. However, this information will help you act correctly if any breakage occurs. We propose to consider the algorithm of the technology.


  • 1 2.5 Wash is over
  • 3 Several useful tips
  • Washing steps

    Washing machine operation is based on the independent conduct of all processes. The equipment completely controls them in accordance with the parameters set by the user. If the washer is not damaged, all stages of washing will be adjusted. If there are failures, you can try to eliminate them on your own or contact an experienced specialist for help.

    How to prepare for washing:

    • Before washing, you should load dirty laundry into the drum, after removing small items from your pockets: metal parts, trifles, buttons.
    • Add detergent to powder collector.
    • Select the desired wash program.

    Recommendation. On clothes there is a tag on which information is usually indicated, at what temperature and in what mode to erase the thing. Do not neglect this rule.

    • Enable the start button.

    That's it. The washing process is running, it remains only to wait for the end of the cycle.

    Important! Before you load laundry in the washer, you need to sort things out: by type of fabric, color and degree of contamination. This method ensures the best washing quality and reduces the risk of tearing or creasing things.

    What happens during washing

    You set all the specified parameters, and you do not need to participate in the further process. The machine independently collects water and washes dirty laundry. The powder collector is washed with water, and the product enters the drum. With enough water, the heating element heats it to the desired temperature - the main wash begins. The drum starts spinning, and things spin in a soap solution, which allows you to remove all dirt.

    The principle of operation of the washing machine

    On the market of household appliances there are two types of washing machines: front and vertical. Let us examine how the parts function in machines of each type.

    What is the drum in the washer?

    In the washing machine an important detail, as well as the center of the equipment itself, is a drum designed to load dirty laundry. When the program is installed and the user starts the machine, the drum starts a circular motion, the laundry is lowered into the water, which penetrates through many small holes. Getting into the powder receptacle, the detergent is mixed with water, forming a soap solution. Things in it are mechanically erased. The process is similar to a hand wash, only the machine mode does not require any action on your part.

    Important! In the drum should not be extraneous metal parts and other things. If a foreign object gets into the machine, it may damage the drum. Repair will cost you a considerable amount.

    How a tank affects the operation of an

    machine A tank is an important part of a washer that is located around a drum. In different models of machines installed tanks made of enamel or stainless steel, as well as plastic. The tank is designed to collect water, while the drum is actively rotating part, necessary for the movement of linen. This is the principle of the washing machine with automatic washing.

    CMA frontal type focused on loading clothes through the side hatch. In the vertical cars things are placed through the top cover.

    Interesting! According to statistics, stainless steel tanks are considered the most durable. With careful use, compliance with all rules and regular maintenance, the machine with a stainless tank will last for many years.

    Rinse underwear and drainage system

    The essence of rinsing is in washing out detergents.

    If you are sensitive to "chemistry", choose the option of additional rinsing.

    What is the principle of the machine at the time of rinsing clothes?

    1. The programmer signals the drain pump to pump out the dirty, soapy waste water.
    2. Waste water completely leaves the tank.
    3. Rinsing begins with a set of pure water, but no powder is added.
    4. The water begins to flow into the tank, and the drum rotates.
    5. When rinsing ends, the water leaves the tank through the drain system.


    The operation of the automatic washing machine during the spin process is extremely simple:

    • The drum starts to perform rotary actions at extremely high speed.
    • Linen is attached to the walls of the drum due to centrifugal force.
    • Water leaving the laundry flows into the tank through the drum openings.
    • Pump pumping water into the sewer.

    Important! Spin speed is governed by the speed of the drum. Want to get your clothes dry? Set the maximum mark.

    Spin - noisy and active process. Large stones in the SMA housing( counterweights) dampen vibrations during the spin cycle. Depending on the choice of the program, the spin speed may vary: usually from 200 to 1200 revolutions. For example, choosing the washing of delicate things, you will see that the spin is set on a small scale or disabled. Things from more dense materials that do not require special care, you can press at maximum speed. Note that you need to select the spin speed before washing.

    Washing completed

    When all the washing steps described above have been completed and the spin function has worked, the washing process can be considered complete. Before this, the drum rotates several times to evenly distribute the laundry. Stopping the machine alerts the user that the wash is over. Open the hatch only after pressing the “OFF” key.

    Important! If you can’t open the door, wait a few minutes for the hatch lock to unlock.

    We offer to see an interesting video:

    Several useful tips

    If you do not already have a washing machine at home, pay attention to such points when buying:

    1. Look at the material from which the drum is made. Washers with stainless drum are considered more reliable.
    2. Be interested in what is the maximum speed of rotation of the drum.
    3. Check if the machine has a drying and rinsing function.
    4. Pay attention to the volume of the drum and the list of programs.

    If we talk about how the washing machine should work machine, then everything is quite simple. All washing processes are set by the user, choosing the mode, temperature, spin speed. In general, the washing chain is as follows:

    1. Loading of funds into the cuvette.
    2. Loading laundry.
    3. Selection of a program( or wash parameters).
    4. Start the wash cycle.
    5. Water intake.
    6. Water heating if required.
    7. Wash.
    8. Water drain.
    9. Rinse.
    10. Water drain.
    11. Spin.

    As a result, you get clean and almost dry things.

    A washing machine for a summer residence without water supply and with it: mini, semi-automatic, automatic

    A washing machine for a summer residence without water supply and with it: mini, semi-automatic, automaticWashing Machines

    Once in a particularly unsubstantiated country setting, washing was a big problem and there were no other options than washing by hand. However, now more than ever, the issue of acquiring washing ...

    Read More
    How to choose a washing machine for the home?

    How to choose a washing machine for the home?Washing Machines

    A variety of models, with an incredible number of indicators and buttons, leads a potential buyer into a stupor. But, not everything is so scary, it’s enough to understand the main parameters and ...

    Read More
    Replacing the heater in the washing machine: instructions and video for replacing the heating element

    Replacing the heater in the washing machine: instructions and video for replacing the heating elementWashing Machines

    The machine stopped heating water, but are all the programs set correctly? So, it is necessary to replace the heater in the washing machine. We will describe in detail the process of dismantling a...

    Read More