Content of the article:
Starting from the first warm days, the mass of insects in the summer cottage is activated, carrying a serious threat to the health of the plantations and the future harvest. Protect the garden from pests will help do-it-yourself trap belts on fruit trees.
What does this design look like and what is its purpose?
There are many variants of designs for trapping belts, but more often it looks like a band tightly fixed on a tree trunk. A variety of materials can be used as a material for such protection, for example, a tight-fitting wood film, foam rubber, glass wool, and nonwoven material.
The purpose of using hunting belts on fruit trees
Depending on the design, such protection of fruit trees from pests allows:
- to collect live insects moving from soil to the crown, so that the gardener could destroy them;
- protect caterpillars, ants, beetles or larvae with a sticky substance or insecticide applied to the belt.
Due to the fact that the belt can be on a tree from early spring to late autumn, it is effective against not only those insects that move to the crown from the surface of the soil or go down for further settlement. It will help to significantly reduce the population of all kinds of larvae, for the time being cherries, pears, apples or other trees hiding under the bark.
This fully applies to the struggle with the flowering beetle on pear and apple fruit trees. The larvae laid down by small bugs destroy the buds from the inside, as a result of which the number of ovaries decreases by a factor of several times.
Bark beetle is another enemy of the garden. Its larvae make bizarre passages under the bark, weakening the tree and even leading it to death. How to deal with bark beetle on fruit trees? In addition to the use of not always safe insecticides during the breeding and outbreak period of the pest, it is possible to trap glue-based belts that stop creeping insects.
Protected fruit trees themselves are only obliged to snare belts because in the spring-summer season the number of many crawling insects has significantly decreased. But is the struggle with aphids on fruit trees based on the properties of trapping constructions possible?
Yes, although aphids can fly from plant to plant, for the most part ants tolerate it. Therefore, their mass accumulations on young succulent shoots, leaf stalks and buds are so massive. If you cope with ants, then the number of aphids will be seriously diminished.
How to make a fishing belt for a fruit tree?
Constructions that can be made independently from scrap materials are divided into three classes.
Dry trapping belts are essentially traps designed to stop insects on their way to the top and source of food. The mechanism of protection of fruit trees from pests here is to create an obstacle, reaching to which the pest could not continue.
These can be smooth strips of plastic, tightly attached to the trunk and skeletal branches, or all sorts of designs in the form of funnels, cones or skirts. How for a garden tree to make a hunting belt of the last, most effective variety?
- For young plants, the top of a plastic bottle of various capacities will do.
- Pre-crevice and crust damage is cleaned and treated with clay.
- Cutting the container lengthwise and removing the bottom, an improvised belt is put on the trunk with a socket to the ground.
- Firmly fixed 70–80 cm from the ground with tape or film so that insects do not have the opportunity to continue their way up.
- As insects collect under the cone, they must be removed and destroyed. On average, the frequency of the procedure is 10-14 days.
In a similar way, you can make a trap belt for the fruit tree, both up and down.
Porous and fibrous materials also help delay the movement of insects. For the trapping belt, you can use coarse burlap, foam rubber or mineral wool, which is wrapped around the trunk and firmly fixed at the level of 70–100 cm from the ground.
Another useful variety is trapping belts and a type of broadband insecticidal means fixed to the tree. In this case, the insects do not linger on the tape, but die, falling under the crown. Although it is not necessary to clean this device, it is still necessary to update the impregnation.
But sticky trap belts with adhesive layers are the most popular. As a basis for such protection of the plant, you can take a film, non-woven material, cardboard or wax paper.
- The band is attached to a pre-treated stem.
- After that, a thick layer of a special adhesive is applied on it. If it was not possible to find glue for insects, the composition for rodents will do.
- The coating is replaced at least once a month.
This type of trapping belt can be useful from early spring to predzimya, effectively neutralizing a variety of pests. If the base is made of waterproof resistant material, then it can be used repeatedly, only regularly changing the adhesive composition.