The American company «Bio-Microbics» implements the Russian market septic Fast, which is on the technical characteristics close domestic analogs Ekolos or Tver. Part of the range is intended for treatment of domestic sewage in the private sector of a country.
All of the operating principles, advantages and disadvantages of VOC of this brand, you will learn of the proposed article us. We will tell whether the American equipment for use in the Russian suits. For independent house masters, we present a detailed installation and connection technology.
The content of the article:
- Brief description of products
- Construction and operation of the septic tank
- Advantages and disadvantages of VOC "Fast"
Review of popular models
- RetroFAST 0.375 for a holiday home or villa
- MicroFAST 0.5 to a cottage
- MicroFAST 0.75 for a large cottage or group homes
- MicroFAST 0.9 to a cottage settlement
- installation and assembly technology
- Rules of operation of the equipment
- Conclusions and useful videos on the topic
Brief description of products
To have fewer questions about the work and installation of pollution control equipment, get acquainted closer with manufacturer and see how the brand has established itself in the US under the Russian reality.
Manufacture of the equipment under the brand names FAST® (domestic sewage) and BioSTORM ™ (cleaning storm drains) It takes place solely within the US, in Kansas, and exported to more than 70 countries, including Russia. FAST acronym stands and translates as "Fixed Activated Sludge Treatment."
Equipment for the purification of waste water with Fast logo sold as a polymer unit with means for recycling effluent, but without the outer housing
for waste water treatment system is supplied in a cardboard box in which all components are neatly stacked and numbered
deep processing station sewage Fast brand is established in any plastic capacious
For the installation of a deep cleaning Fast station as the body perfect manholes constructed of concrete rings
you can deliberately build a cesspit for the installation of an autonomous sewer station
Deep processing station with Fast logo can be installed in an existing sewer item to improve the old system
Capacity for equipment Fast optionally removed from the foundation of the house, can be placed next to a neighbor's land, because station runs quietly and does not emit unpleasant odors
Sewer manhole closing station corresponding to the type and dimensions of the housing. Luc camouflage any manner acceptable for the owners
Options septic Fast
The format of delivery of the cleaning system
Plastic container for the system installation
Housing made of concrete rings
Construction of housing for the station installation
Using the station for network upgrade
Selecting a location for the equipment Fast
Masking systems hatch on the site
In our country, the company began its operations more than 10 years ago, in 2004, and until now successfully supplying become popular model. Among the sought after equipment - range of proposals for country houses and cottage settlements. Russian is the official distributor of company "SUCH".
As a rule, for the installation of VOC in the territory of country houses require permission of Rospotrebnadzor, but Fast mounting systems do not need it. Beginning in 2010, instead of the conclusion SES has a "Declaration of Conformity", a copy of which is available on the official website of the Russian representative. If inspectors instance require a sanitary certificate issued to produce enough when buying Declaration.
The most difficult operating conditions of sewage treatment plants - in the northern regions of the country, and not all septic tanks are functioning seamlessly Russian production in soils with low levels of freezing.
However, when installing the Fast option provided with the necessary recessed or additional insulation, which makes it possible to use the equipment continuously, throughout the year.
Equipment for the installation RetroFAST system for the treatment of domestic sewage and wastewater. Model designed to service up to 5 people
Furthermore, facilities for sewage treatment can be installed even in the permafrost conditions, when there is no possibility of installation in the ground. The tank is placed inside a heated building or insulated container - it launched production of the mobile units and prefabricated structures.
Experience shows that the FAST equipment in excellent proved in Russia, both among private clients, and in the service of various enterprises and institutions (Hotels, clubs, recreation centers, sports centers, hospitals), so when choosing a septic tank for their own cottage makes sense to get acquainted with domestic models US manufacturer.
One of the stages of installation of VOC in the Far North. Standard border starting temperature treatment plant - from 45 ° C to + -42ºS, but additional insulation they widened
Construction and operation of the septic tank
At the mention of buildings FAST term "septic tank" is most often used, although in fact it is a system deep biological sewage treatment, due to functioning vital aerobic bacteria. Cleaning efficiency - 98% and outlet fluid has no odor and color.
According to the company, the supplier, the word "septic tank" is more understandable to customers. The system is a modular structure having a plurality of options for installation and connection. Models RetroFAST and MicroFAST different specifications and installation capabilities.
RetroFAST station suitable as a new treatment plant or a module for the reconstruction of already existing sewage treatment system. MicroFAST mounted in a container made of metal or concrete. When the construction of the reservoir to accommodate cleaning equipment adhere to building regulations septic tank deviceBelonging to the category of settlers.
Consider the design septic Fast and its location relative to the ground surface:
The main part of the structure Fast 9.0: 1 - fan; 2 - the surface of the earth; 3 - maintenance shaft; 4 - air outlet; 5 - sewer inlet opening; 6 - the approximate level of the liquid; 7 - cover; 8 - airlift; 9 - air-lift pipe; 10 - Polymer cells; 11 - an outlet for clarified liquid
As you can see, the reservoir is completely in the ground, on the surface of leaves only the fan for circulating the air and a pipe for its release.
Housing FAST working tank is made of durable plastic, which is not amenable to rapid wear and corrosion and is designed for the service life of up to 50 years. All items are produced in the US station, except for engines that are imported from Italy and Taiwan.
The principle of operation is as follows. The dirty sewage water coming from the pipes dwelling and auxiliary rooms of a tank divided into two work spaces.
In the first zone is a primary settling, a second - directly aerobic purification. Specifically to purchase and fill in the microorganisms capacity is not needed, they do a septic tank together with the waste masses.
The package includes equipment Fast operating module consisting of polymer cells, placed in a sturdy plastic container
Compressor required for injecting air into the septic system, shipped unassembled. You just need to fix the fan in the housing
In the factory is airlift air filter through which air is supplied to the station
The factory also has a set of elements of system of pipes and fittings - everything you need to build a septic tank on site
Plastic cell for the resettlement of aerobic
The housing and the compressor unit
Airlifts and air filter assembly
Pipes and fittings assembly station
habitat aerobic bacteria are cell - plastic loading, which should not be changed and rinse throughout the life of the VOC.
When the first pitch wastewater in aerobic colony settled on the cellular surface of the plastic cell modules. Their livelihoods and self-regulation of the population supports a constant supply of oxygen and the completion of a new portion of waste mass.
One of the parts is the air-lift system of air diffusers, saturating the aqueous medium and providing oxygen precipitate circulation. As a result of the gradual movement of the medium and its processing liquid bacteria lighter, and have clarified enters the outlet. Draining takes place simultaneously with the arrival of a new batch of sewage.
During operation of the septic tank of the cell is completely immersed in the liquid and maintained with the help of the airlift, so that microorganisms are able to exist on their own and regulate their strength
The only volatile element of the station - the air compressorWhich has a dual purpose:
- It provides fluid circulation necessary for cleaning;
- It delivers the air to support aerobic microorganisms.
The optimal compressor operation - interval Half an hour is in the active state, a half-hour rest.
Scheme Fast absorbing mounting system with the well. liquid from the reservoir may also act on the aerobic treatment additional cleaning drains, soil, pond or ditch
Advantages and disadvantages of VOC "Fast"
Fast - is not the only plant that produces deep cleaning with the help of aerobic bacteria. However, it has advantages that distinguish it from most other models.
Sewer plant, producing the deep processing of waste involving aerobic, clean them by 98%. The purified water can be freely discharged into the ground, but rather that it is in front of this passed through the filter well
Clarified and disinfected in septic tanks, water can safely be discharged into the sewer leading to the municipal wastewater treatment plants
Assume direct collection of recycled waste water to the relief, since naturally it passes additional natural cleaning
The water that has passed into the sewage processing plant, it is permissible to use in caring for territory and plants. It is strictly forbidden to swim and take cooking
The surge relief well for effluents
Reset recycled wastewater on terrain
Options for the use of water
Among the main advantages are the following:
- volumetric peak loads that are inaccessible to other brands (easily withstands reset whirlpool equal to 800 liters);
- combined cleaning principle - except aerobic bacteria growing on the surface, and anaerobic functioning living inside the boot;
- system of self-regulation - with a lack of aerobic bacteria, it quickly fills their number due to anaerobic;
- no moving parts (all elements associated with the cleaning function, static), and hence do not require frequent maintenance and repair;
- compact design takes up a minimum of useful area;
- highest possible cleaning efficiency - 98-99%.
There are a number of nuances that make the service station more comfortable. For example, out into the city for the winter is not necessary to produce the preservation and re-enter the system into operation in the spring. Compare with the standard rules Winter maintenance of a septic tank you can read on this subject matter.
It is enough to turn off the power and then turn it on again. Another nice advantage - the ability to merge the toilet household cleaners containing chlorine and other chemicals.
To understand the level of comfort provided by the Fast-station, compare it with the famous "Tapas" brand in Russia. Septic Tank "Tapas" also produce biological aerobic treatment, however, they need constant distance (or displacement in the sump) of activated sludge and a regular recess solid.
Chemicals (solvents, household cleaners) in Topas reset is prohibited. In the opinion of various modifications of septic tanks do work smoothly without requiring regular repair and pumping sludge. However, the shortcomings yet to discover. The first - the volatility of the station.
the supply of oxygen is necessary for the development of aerobic bacteria, so do not do without a compressor. Equipment for supplying air supplied
The second drawback - the relatively high cost. For example, a household model RetroFAST 0.375 capacity of 1500 liters / day costs 159 thousand. rub. For comparison, septic Tapas similar performance - 127 thousand. rub. With features septic tank maintenance Tapas Recommended article introduces us.
Review of popular models
Residents of cottage and holiday villages often interested in a septic tank, designed to serve one or more houses, so focus on the minimum capacity models. Main technical characteristics are presented in the table:
The table shows the reduced price (shares) of the popular model RetroFAST 0.375: instead of the usual 169 thousand. rub. - 159 thousand. rub. Prices MicroFAST models are changing, as are "tied" to the exchange rate (+)
Cost MicroFAST systems can be specified in the online mode, on the official website of the company SUCH or contact phone number.
RetroFAST 0.375 for a holiday home or villa
Compact biological treatment system for country houses designed for service from 1 to 6 people (maximum - 8 people). Productivity - 1.5 m³ / day at an elevated load -. 1.8 m³ / day. without loss of efficiency.
A feature of the equipment is its installation - the system is suitable for installation in new or old tank, suitable in size. Most often it is plastic container or well of 2-3 concrete rings.
Driving model RetroFAST 0.375. Note the location of the tank: it is fully recessed into the ground. On the surface there are only the maintenance shaft door and the vent pipe (+)
Fan Power - 0.2 kW / hr, air flow rate - 0,14-0,48 m³ / min.
Step 1: Fast equipment for processing waste for stays 1 - 8 people, set mainly in plastic containers. According to their size design pit
Step 2: aligned, compacted bottom of the pit set plastic container in which is located the sewage station
Step 3: Immerse the working part of the septic system capacity installed previously. We fix the equipment according to the instructions of the instructions from the manufacturer
Step 4: To summarize the housing septic sewage conduit, the slope of which must be of the order of 2% in the direction of flow. Pipes, including ventilation, are connected via seals
Step 5: Filling station situated inside it are filled with water to start the refining process and to protect the walls from deformation during excavation backfill
Step 6: Load the box in the working station the remaining cells so that they are completely covered with water
Step 7: set reference item, as for installation of fan (compressor) it should be on the surface. Gathering unit for injecting air into the septic tank
Step 8: Fill the pit with sand, act carefully so as not to damage the container. Backfill produce layers of 30 cm with a rammer
excavation apparatus under plastic body
Installation of plastic containers in the pit
Installation housing with plastic combs
Connecting to the body septic pipes
Filling the container with water station
Installing a full set of cells
Assembling fan treatment plant
Appearance Soft station to station
When installing the fan, note the following requirements:
- a concrete base;
- location - no more than 30 from the station;
- Installation in flood-free zone;
- power supply - 115/230 W, 60/50 Hz.
Fan and cable must be insulated against moisture. Cable protection is recommended to use a corrugated polymer sleeve.
MicroFAST 0.5 to a cottage
Modular system MicroFAST 0.5, as well as the entire range of works on the principle of aerobic-anaerobic deep cleaning. Unlike the previous model, is designed to service a large cottage, which is home to a family or a group of 8-10 people.
At the same time it can handle waste water from several sources - a cottage, a bath, a guest house. The exception is the draining of the pool, which should be carried out not in the septic tank and the drain.
Scheme MicroFAST 0.5 model device. Best Mode reservoir device - concrete sealed container consisting of two compartments: a first deposition zone occurs in the second biological Cleaning (+)
Performance models - 1.9 m³ / day at an elevated load -. To 2.3 m³ / day. Resists unevenness effluent discharge. This means that operates without loss of efficiency and sewerage volume 0.1 m³ / d., And at maximum load. Independently restored within a short period if the sewer fall solvents or chemical detergents.
MicroFAST 0.75 for a large cottage or group homes
As with the previous model, MicroFAST 0.75 stations used to serve a large cottage or group of buildings located nearby.
For the system to run smoothly, and the quality of treatment in line with the stated performance, it is recommended to connect to a single construction of no more than 2-3 cottages.
Like all other models, MicroFAST 0.75 performance focused on the number of people staying in the cottages. The maximum number of members - 14 people (at a rate of 200-230 liters / day per person)
Performance is 2.8 m³ / day.
Service more powerful systems is no different from the operation of models at performance: removal sludge produced is not more than 1 time in 5 years, the washing of the polymer loading or preservation at the time of departure is not required.
MicroFAST 0.9 to a cottage settlement
MicroFAST 0.9 modular system is not installed on the standard summer cottage, which is enough for less productive plant.
It is designed to cater for large estates with a few houses, small hotels, sports facilities, located away from the centralized communications.
biological treatment plant MicroFAST 0.9 at its core - an increase in size and more powerful modification MicroFAST 0.75 model with a capacity of 3.4 m³ / day, calculated on the service 14-17 person
To install powerful facilities to prevent technical problems, it is recommended to use the service provider.
installation and assembly technology
The choice of model and the technical aspects of pollution control equipment installation are entirely dependent on whether there is already installed on the construction site. For example, the acquisition of RetroFAST system presupposes the existence of a preset capacity.
If you have a sealed pit of concrete rings (a minimum of 2 pieces) with a diameter of at least 1.5 m, then the system can be installed directly into it. Additional requirements: a firm bottom and the lid.
If the septic tank is installed for the first time, you must select a location. Low noise and no smell allows you to place the equipment next to the house. The manufacturer recommends to maintain a distance from the house of 1-100 m from the well - not less than 7 m However, if the land area allows, it is better to respect the rules SNIP:. 5 m and 25 m respectively.
Housing facilities for accommodation of a septic pit station design. Loose sand walls generating better similarity strengthen the plank formwork
On compacted or pre-cast concrete pit bottom set starting reinforced concrete part with a sealed bottom
Before installing the next ring horizontality check start element, setting a level on the end rings. Then cover the end solution and immerse the following ring
In this example, treated wastewater will be discharged into the ground through the absorption well. His are building a similar manner but without start-ring sealed bottom
On the well built for sewage station location, and absorbs well set overlap with a hole
The concrete body with a sealed bottom portion of the chamber set working with plastic honeycombs
For openings in ceilings of concrete wells fasten the narrow parts of necks. The minimum permissible diameter of 46 cm. These in turn - a ring covers and hatches themselves
Fill the pit with concrete wells excavated. Feel free to use the lifting and other construction machinery, because of the wall w / w wells can not be afraid
Step 1: Construction of the pit for the system
Step 2: Install the bottom of the concrete body
Step 3: Installation of the ordinary housing shaft rings
Step 4: Construction of an absorbing well
Step 5: Set the finishing elements on wells
Step 6: Installing pollution control equipment in the housing
Step 7: Construction of manholes with hatches
Step 8: Use of construction equipment
To muffle the noise of the compressor, it is necessary to use isolation compartment in which is located the motor. As the noise absorbing material suitable adhesive membrane - sound insulation for cars.
Stages of installation models with plastic tank:
- Preparation pit (if necessary possible penetration of up to 12 m below ground level);
- plant capacity;
- Liner sewer pipes;
- fixing load, the compressor and airlift parts;
The installation can be done in several ways: on their own (as per instructions), installation under the technical supervision of the employee, online installation, installation of the equipment prepared by the master in the tank (concrete, plastic, metal, stone), under the supervision key.
Installation RetroFAST 0.375 systems built beforehand tank of concrete rings. Works are carried out by specialists in the winter that does not affect the quality of installation and cleaning efficiency
Warranty - 10 years (3 years for motor), but you can buy a lifetime warranty for an additional fee.
Rules of operation of the equipment
maintenance and operation conditions are different from those machines Fast marks. Systems are volatile, therefore, will have to pay extra for electricity.
The consumption of the most popular model RetroFAST 0.375 - 250 W / h at a power-saving mode - 2 times smaller (saving mode - 12 hours a day).
Constantly turn on / off the compressor does not need enough to program the timer on mode 30/30 - half an hour running and half hour resting.
The only thing that will have to do in relation to the compressor - to clean the air filter 1 time in 5 years. To control the start-up or shutdown function is an ordinary key, which can be installed in a comfortable place, such as in the home.
Cover technical hatch opening is located 5 m from the house (behind the fence) and next to the bench for the rest - this is only possible due to the absence of unpleasant odor
Operating status of the station must be maintained only in the case of permanent residence at the time of departure simply turn off. Preservation is not necessary to carry out, as well as to fill in the various technical solutions such as anti-freeze. The next time the system is running normally without any additional training.
Energy costs can be considered only, since the regular brushing, or recesses sludge pumping is not required to produce a solid precipitate. Compacted sludge cake was recommended to take out 1 time in 5-7 years, otherwise it will harden and will grow to the vessel wall.
Pumping produce via assenizatorskaya art. Hose length up to 100 m, that is, the access roads are required.
Installation of the system in a concrete airtight container, consisting of three sections: 1 - clarifier; 2 - deep biological treatment station; 3 - distribution well. From the last compartment fluid force fed into a ditch outside the area
Manufacturer technology does not offer a service, since it is not necessary. Washing of polymer cells is not necessary - their status is governed by the system, the replacement is also not necessary - the service life of load equal to the term of service of all the equipment (50).
For the system to function smoothly, without need to reset the toilet (or other input points) are solid, water-insoluble articles, for example, cat litter. Instead, toilet paper, household cleaning agents, solutions containing chlorine - possible.
Conclusions and useful videos on the topic
With the videos you have taken representatives of Tacoma, you can get an idea of the septic tanks FAST.
Video # 1. General information about the company's products «Bio-Microbics»:
Video # 2. How does it look and functions MicroFAST 4.5 Model:
Video # 3. The degree of cleaning fluid taken from the drainage well:
Video # 4. The level of noise of the engine:
Video # 5. Installing RetroFAST system in concrete tank:
If you need high quality wastewater treatment and you are not experiencing financial difficulties, look for VOCs "FAST". To choose the most appropriate model can be on its own, after consultation with the representative of the company such as, installation and production is still best left to professionals.
What kind of treatment plant you use to organize the independent water drain your site? Tell us, what are the advantages of your chosen options, share why you chose it. Please write comments in the below box, publish pictures of the article topic, ask questions.