Cauliflower is very valued for its vitamin content and excellent taste. Beginner gardeners are advised to read the description of all varieties of this crop in order to choose the right vegetables for cultivation in their gardens, taking into account the climate and other external factors.
best varieties of cauliflower
Description early cauliflower varieties
Planting late cauliflower
best varieties of cauliflower
This article made a selection of the best varieties of culture, each of which has its own advantages. Everyone will be able to choose options for the garden, depending on their preferences. Here and the most delicious varieties, and the earliest and most fruitful.
The quality of agricultural technology makes adjustments to the taste and fecundity of cauliflower, so the care of the bed should not ignore the basic rules:
loosening and weeding;
It is also important to collect the cabbage in a timely manner, as overripe vegetable or green does not have any valuable qualities, nor does it have an ideal taste.
In order to harvest the crop throughout the summer period, it is recommended to plant at the site varieties with different ripening periods. Then you can enjoy the different flavors of vegetables and make preparations for the winter.
Cauliflower is considered capricious, but selected the best varieties are resistant to adverse weather conditions, typical diseases, have excellent taste. With proper farming, gardeners are always presented with a bountiful harvest. Vegetables are used both fresh and for winter harvesting. With a long shelf life does not lose taste and product characteristics.
Description of Early Cauliflower VarietiesA white round head with a slight flatness curls up to 1 kg. The chemical composition of the vegetable contains a high level of sugar and ascorbic acid, thanks to which the inflorescence has interesting notes of taste. The leaves cover the forming head from the scorching sun rays, which allows to get clean fruits. The dimensions of the summer cottage variety are small, so the planting density is 3-5 plants per 1 m2( the distance between the bushes is 50 cm).Transfer of seedlings to the garden is planned for the end of May - the beginning of June. Vegetable perfectly transports transportation, retains valuable properties for a long time under the conditions of storage.
Cabbage fully justifies its name, mature inflorescences have a snow-white color, although the sizes are small. The weight of one copy does not exceed 850 grams. High yield is achieved thanks to a dense landing, because the bush is compact, does not require space for branching. The best variety among early ripe varieties has long been popular with gardeners. The lion's share of this success lies in the resistance of the plant to typical diseases. A quick period of ripening allows you to receive two crops per season in the chernozem zone, from the moment of planting of seedlings to full maturity no more than 60-65 days pass. Saplings quickly take root in a new place, ripen together. The holes for seedlings are arranged according to the scheme: 50x50, 50x70 cm.
Cauliflower summer house Variety movir Cauliflower snow globe
A hybrid resistant to cold and high temperatures, which, due to its fast aging period, allows you to take 2 harvests per season even in central Russia. The rounded or rounded-flattened inflorescence has a white color, sometimes with a cream shade. Weight - from 500 to 1200 grams. The plant cannot boast with a special immunity to diseases and pests, but the taste of a vegetable will pleasantly surprise even a gourmet. When germinating seeds, germination is observed. Fruits can be safely obtained as early as June, if sowing is done in the second half of February, and the transferred seedlings are covered with film, protecting them from possible spring frosts. The location of the holes in the garden plan with an interval of 50 cm in the row and from 60 cm in the row spacing, the transfer of seedlings is planned for the period from May 25 to June 10.The plant responds well to nitrogen-potassium fertilizers and other supplements.
Inflorescence of white color with a yellowish tint occupies a leading position in terms of taste among hoppers( the growing season does not exceed 62 days).Dense planting of compact plants( the interval between the bushes is 25-35 cm, the aisle 60-70 cm) allows you to shoot a good harvest, given that the head weight does not exceed half a kilogram. Cabbage differs in vulnerability to pests, however, it is resistant to no less dangerous bacteriosis. Preventive invasion of parasites will help preventive processing and regular weeding. Transferring seedlings to the garden plan for the beginning of May. Shelter film will protect against possible night frost.
Cultivation of middle-ripening varieties
Compact erect plant with a white head, having a yellowish and sometimes reddish tint. Inflorescence weight reaches 800 grams, but with the right agrotechnology it is possible to grow heads over 2 kg. After planting the seedlings the fruits ripen in 53-70 days. Seedlings have good germination and friendly development. Shoots can be planted in the spring( second half of April), and in the summer( until mid-July).Wells for seedlings are planned according to the scheme: 4 plants per 1 m2. Cabbage, goat wormwood, is very demanding on the composition of the soil, therefore, when cultivating the crop, it is necessary to fertilize the bed and feed the bushes.
Planted in a garden shoots ripen in 109-112 days. The inflorescences have a rounded, slightly flattened form in white with a cream shade. The weight of an average largest specimen reaches 1.2 kg. The fruit is well covered with leaves, which protects it from the scorching sun rays, which can provoke the formation of dark spots and bitterness in the taste. Both seedlings and ripening take place in unison, therefore harvesting does not stretch for a long time. The holes for seedlings are arranged according to the following pattern: 50x50, 50x70 cm. Cabbage is tolerant to bacteriosis and frost, and retains its qualities for a long time with proper storage.
Refers to high-yielding appearance due to the large round head of white color. In addition, the plant has a fast ripening period, signs of ripeness are observed at 55-65 days after planting seedlings on an open bed. Inflorescence weight reaches 800-1200 grams. A feature of the culture is considered to be low resistance to temperature extremes, pests. It is recommended to cover the transplanted seedlings with film material, to carry out preventive treatments against parasites in a timely manner. Cabbage retains its dense structure and valuable properties during transportation and storage. The presentation does not spoil even the frost.
Planting late cauliflower
Among the late ripening varieties, this variety is considered the most productive. The merit in this belongs to the breeders, who bred a disease-resistant and adverse weather conditions hybrid. Due to the formation of a large inflorescence( weight from 2 to 3 kg), the plant needs regular fertilization of the soil. Leaves of large sizes create shading to the head, due to which the cabbage withstands heat. A vegetable is harvested 75-80 days after transferring seedlings to an open bed. Young shoots, though capricious, quickly adapt to the new environment. The holes are arranged according to the scheme: the interval between bushes is not less than 70 cm, the row-spacing is from 80 cm.
Snow-white massive heads ripen on the 74-80 day after transferring the seedlings to open ground. One copy hangs on 2-2.5 kg. Unlike other species, Amerigo has good immunity, which allows you to resist viral infections and pests. Rip heads can frost, cold resistance allows you to maintain product quality and delicate taste. Intensive growth requires regular supplements. Feature of the variety are large leaves that create shading inflorescences, saving them from the scorching sun. Transfer of seedlings to the garden is planned for the second half of May and the beginning of June. The holes are arranged according to the scheme: the spacing between the bushes is 70-80 cm, the aisle is 70 cm.
Growing cauliflower requires a little more attention and effort, as the plant is less protected from diseases and pests. But how nice it is to take beautiful inflorescences from the beds and delight your loved ones with delicious culinary dishes or winter preparations.