The content of the article:
Film infrared heaters are devices designed for local or general heating living quarters and consisting of heating elements, films and foils that emit infrared radiation.
Heating is done by emitting infrared radiation, which is useful for humans. Such a device can be used at an initial air temperature of at least -40 degrees, that is, it operates with virtually no temperature limitations.
Another feature of such devices is that they are often performed in the form of paintings and therefore, purchasing a wall-mounted infrared film heater in the form of a picture, you kill two birds with one stone, namely, you get quality heating and an additional design element of your room.
Video: Wall-mounted film heater in the form of a picture
Film Heater Assembly
The film heater has a simple device resembling a double sandwich. The metal foil, which is a resistive layer, is packed on both sides with a lavsan heat-resistant film. Another layer of aluminum foil with a film is placed on top of the film. Inside this sandwich, heating elements are inserted. These heaters use temperature sensors that, when the desired heating limit is reached, turn off the system, and when they fall to the specified minimum temperature, they are switched on again. This sensor allows you to save energy significantly.
To this heating system, you can add more local temperature controllers, with which you can program the temperature for a day. Then, for example, in your absence, the infrared heater on the wall heater will not work, but before it comes it turns on and starts heating.
Of course, such programmable thermostats cost more than usual, but they greatly increase the level of comfort. The thickness of this entire structure is no more than, mm.
The principle of the film heater
All ingenious is simple, this phrase can be successfully applied to film infrared heaters, the principle of which is quite simple. Electric current from the heating elements spreads through the resistive layer, heating it to a certain temperature.
This heat is transferred to the aluminum foil, which produces radiation. Emitting infrared radiation, the heater transfers heat energy to all objects located in the room. And the objects give heat to the room.
This principle of secondary heat spread is very similar to natural sun heating.
Heat is very evenly distributed throughout the room and working in this way, film infrared heaters have a very high efficiency. In general, infrared radiation is very useful for a person, helping to fight, for example, with colds and stomach diseases.
Mounting the film heater
To install the heater film wall, floor or ceiling, does not require the use of any special skills, but the basic rules need to consider:
- The heater must be placed on a dry, level surface.
- Cutting is done only on the lines indicated by the manufacturer.
- Do not connect the power supply to the heater, folded into a roll.
- The maximum length of the film should not be more than 8 m., And the distance between the panels should not be less than 5 mm.
- The film heater can not be bent at an angle of more than 90 degrees.
- Mounting to the wall is made using a construction stapler or special fasteners. It is forbidden to use self-tapping screws or nails as fasteners.
- It is advisable not to conduct the installation at minus temperature and high humidity.
Installation of the film heater takes place in the following order. First, install a reflective screen of foil on the prepared surface. The strips are lapped up to 3 cm. and sealed with special foil tape.
Then we place the heating elements in the film and connect the power. Wires should be hidden. After that, we mount the thermostat and test the system. Before installation, you must carefully read the instructions, because each manufacturer can have its own nuances during installation, and it is very important to take them into account.
Film heaters are of three types:
A film heater on the wall is considered the most inefficient due to the peculiarity of the heat spread. After all, warm air rises and this significantly limits the heating area.
Therefore, as the basic kind of heating of a premise they do not approach, but as additional, are applied universally.
Ceiling film infrared heaters are more effective. Infrared radiation is directed downwards and heats objects, from which heat is evenly distributed throughout the room. They can be mounted on virtually any type of ceiling coating and their installation does not cause any additional inconvenience, as it may seem at first. In addition, the undoubted advantage of such a heater is the absence of risk of accidental damage.
If you are wondering how to choose a film heater for a dacha, then for this purpose, the ceiling option is the most suitable.
- First, the absence of the above apartments excludes the possibility of flooding and spoilage of such equipment.
- Secondly, a large area of heating does not require the use of additional heating systems.
To obvious disadvantages of such coatings include heating of household appliances and inability to use, with Ceiling height more than, m. In this case, heating costs increase sharply and it becomes less effective.
The floor covering is mounted under any final coating. The main advantage is the lack of impact on household appliances. The disadvantage is the undesirability of being under heavy furniture, due to the possibility of damage.
The main advantages and disadvantages of film infrared heaters
The advantages are as follows:
- Positive health effect. It is especially noticeable in the winter, in the absence of the sun, when infrared radiation compensates for the absence of natural light and compensates for all the body's losses associated with this problem.
- Easy installation. For example, a film heater wall panel, mounted easily and quickly. And it can be done independently, without the participation of specialists, but carefully read the instructions. The same can be said about ceiling and floor units.
- Long service life. Is from 25 years and more. It does not require maintenance due to the design features and simplicity of the device.
- Low financial costs. The equipment itself is of low cost, in addition, installation and subsequent operation can not bear any financial burden.
- Fire safety. Usually the surface of the heater has a temperature of not more than 80 degrees, which is a safe limit.
- No noise and high environmental friendliness. The operation of this heater does not cause noise, in addition, during the application of infrared film, there is no drying and burnout of oxygen.
The main disadvantages of film heaters:
- Quick cooling after shutdown. If you read reviews on film heaters, then this is one of the main shortcomings voiced by consumers.
- Weak heating. Some buyers note a low quality of heating. Although this may apply to a film of a small area hanging on the wall. If you completely cover the ceiling or floor, then this problem is not observed.
- Heating of household appliances. This disadvantage is typical for a ceiling infrared heater.
- Impossibility of surface treatment. When using such heaters, there are some limitations in the design of the room at will.