Black pepper, as a spice, is known to mankind from time immemorial .Neither the first or second courses do not do without its aroma and spicy adding taste, the marinades cannot be cooked without the well-known black peas. But not everyone knows, how this well-known spice grows - black peas. Recently, the cultivation of black pepper at the dacha and at home has become increasingly popular, so I want to answer all the questions in detail.
Table of contents
- How and where does sweet black pepper grow?
- Is it possible and how to grow a plant at home? AsdPlantations "Malabar berries", is another name for black pepper, located in India, Brazil, Indonesia. Under natural habitat, it is a perennial tree-like liana wrapped around tree trunks.
Pepper vine grows up to 15 meters tall with large leathery leaves and drooping clusters of hard fruit balls.
Green clusters turn red as ripens. Red berries are collected and dried. In the process of drying, the fruits become well known to everyone, black peas.
How does black pepper grow in Australia:
Is it possible and how to grow a plant at home?
Since at the temperature of + 10 ° C the pepper vine dies, it is almost impossible for to grow it in open ground with .
But with the creation of favorable conditions, , it grows well and even bears fruit as an indoor plant, .
A little patience and you will certainly be able to surprise your family and friends with an exotic tenant on the windowsill.
Where to plant, where to get the seed
So, where to plant? Western and eastern windows with good lighting and lack of direct sunlight are best suited for pepper.
If planting is located on the south side, lightly cover the plant from excessive light.
The optimum temperature for growth and development is + 25 ° C.In winter, like in most plants, the pepper vine begins a period of rest, at this time planting feels fine at + 16 ° C.
For sowing, you can buy a bag of allspice black pepper , which is sold in almost every grocery store.One should pay attention to the date of packing, the seeds that have been packaged more than a year ago may not come up.
Before planting, they are soaked for a day in the water + 25- + 30 ° С .Floated pea plant should not be. After that, the seeds are planted in the prepared soil.
What soil to choose
You need to plant seeds in a pot with a good drainage layer , the pepper likes moisture, but with its excess the plant can die.As a drainage, use of expanded clay, shards, is excellent for creating a drainage layer ordinary crushed stone. We should not forget about the holes for water flow in the bottom of the pot.
Ready-mix soil for orchids is perfect for planting, but you can prepare the soil yourself. The following composition will be optimal:
- sand - 1 portion;
- humus - 1 portion;
- turf ground - 4 servings;
- Leaf Ground - 2 servings.
Seeds are planted in late May-early June .They can be covered with foil or glass to create a greenhouse effect.
Landing should be systematically watered and aired. Shoots appear at week 3-4. .
The soil in the pot should be slightly wet.
In winter, watering reduce and water the plant two times less. If the indoor temperature in winter is within + 20 ° C, it is not necessary to spray.
Important: watering and spraying is carried out with separated water in which there is less salt and chlorine.
The application of complex mineral fertilizer or diluted chicken manure to the soil will ensure the planting of the necessary substances.
Fertilize twice a month from late April to early October. With sufficient content in the soil fertilizers, the plant will appreciate a good appearance and active growth.
It is produced every two years .The plant is placed in a larger pot using the transfer method. Soil before transplantation must be moistened, so as not to damage the root system.
Pepper will tell you what he needs at the moment. When there is a lack of sunlight, the plant is drawn out and sheds foliage.
In case of insufficient humidity of , the tips of the leaves turn brown. Excessive waterlogging leads to yellowing of the leaves.
Direct sunlight can burn and cause foliage to dry.
Small tricks of growing
. Since this is a vine, needs to be supplied with an backup in order to give the seedling a chance to grow normally.
The appearance of white “eggs” on the back of the leaves is normal for the plant.Green fruit begins in the second year of life. Depending on the time of gathering the fruit, you can get green, white, and black pepper.
With good conditions of keeping a pepper vine at home, the can reach 2 m in height with .
White pepper is obtained by soaking ripe fruits for 2 weeks and then peeling and drying.
Only black peas can be used as seeds. Red, white and green seeds do not germinate .
The spice has a powerful anti-bacterial effect .It contributes to the preservation of products, which is why it is so popular in hot Asian countries.
Is able to normalize the process of digestion. Helps with colds. It is an excellent antioxidant and improves metabolism.With a mass of useful properties, it should be remembered that pepper is contraindicated in inflammatory diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, and its excessive use can be harmful.
The program "About the most important" tells about black pepper peas:
Growing peppers at home is easy .A little patience and careful care will make it possible to get a very interesting plant at home, not only useful, but also having excellent decorative properties.
Try it, you will definitely succeed.