Today there is garlic in almost every garden or cottage. It is planted in the winter and early spring. The process of planting is always the same - put germinated teeth in the ground and provide proper care. However, few people know that garlic can be grown in another rather interesting way - with the help of bulbs( garlic seeds).
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Another reason is that even with the complete loss of the crop, for example, due to the defeat of fungal diseases, there will always be stock of absolutely healthy and high-quality planting material( seeds) .
In addition, sometimes it happens that in the process of ripening, small pests penetrate into the head, which interfere with proper development and reduce the level of yield, but they never touch the bulblets.
Therefore, in which case, the yield can always be restored, even if it takes a little time.
Due to the fact that bulbs form at the very top of the arrow, in the protective shell, the seeds inside always remain healthy and are not attacked by diseases and harmful insects.
Pros and cons of the growing method
Of course, every planting method has its pros and cons, and growing from seed is no exception.
- healthy planting material;
- best way to propagate garlic;
- the ability to avoid the degeneracy of the variety;
- seeds easier to plant in the ground;
- high germination rate.
In principle, there is nothing to talk about in detail here, except about the convenience of planting and germination.Convenience is that the seeds are immediately sown in the prepared soil, while for planting the teeth, you need to do some actions: to separate the head and sort all the whole germinated slices from the damaged ones.
Seeds also have an increased level of germination .This is explained by the fact that they are not damaged by diseases and pests, which means that they are absolutely healthy and have good "freshness", i.e.did not lie for about a year or two or more.
- 2 years to get a full harvest;
- seeds can disappear in the ground during frosts.
Yes, is the most important deficiency of the bulbs - this is time, because for the first year only one onion( cloves) grows from the seeds, which need to be planted again. And now, in the second year, a full-fledged head of garlic is obtained from this bulb.
And, of course, there is always the risk that the seeds will spoil due to early frosts or the low temperature of the earth. However, as practice shows, this happens mainly for those who do not comply with the terms and rules of landing.
On this with all the pros and cons, you can proceed to growing.
How to grow and harvest the brooches
There is nothing difficult in the cultivation of bulbs. Moreover, you do not even need to do something specifically, because they grow independently on the arrows of the garlic .Where more important to collect the seeds correctly.
To do this, you must first wait for the moment when the protective “capsule” will burst and the seeds will be outside.This moment comes around mid-July, less often at the end. In spring garlic, the dates are slightly shifted, and the harvest should be carried out towards the end of August.
After this, the seeds must be carefully cut and stored in the for storage until planting.
There are some varieties of garlic that do not have arrows. Accordingly, it will not be possible to collect seeds from such species, so this must be taken into account.
By the way, sometimes happens so that the bulb does not burst , and some gardeners think that the seeds have not yet ripened, however, this is not so.
In this situation, you should pay attention to the leaves of garlic , namely their color. If yellowness begins to appear, then you can collect, well, if not, then it is better to wait a little.
When to collect a garlic of garlic and how to store it:
How and where to store seeds
There is nothing difficult to store cut seeds. First of all, they must be placed in some drawer or a small cardboard box and placed in the shed or any other room, the main thing is that there was a temperature not less than 18-20 degrees Celsius.Approximately 1.5-2 months prior to sowing, the seeds should be transferred to a cooler place, with a temperature of 5-8 degrees Celsius.
This is necessary for the to ensure that the planting material is well dried, as well as hardened by the and during the first sharp frosts it does not deteriorate in the ground. Here in general, that's all.
. Methods of planting in the open ground.
. It's time to tell about the methods of planting. Basically, they are distinguished by three and they are exactly the same as for ordinary cloves of garlic:
- planting in the winter;
- landing in spring;
- direct mode.
A little more about each.
For the winter
This method is considered the most popular .They start sowing, as a rule, in mid-November, but here, first of all, you need to focus on the weather for your region, because the climate is different everywhere and someone already has snow in November.
In this case, the soil temperature can serve as a guideline to start sowing - it should not be below +5 degrees .
Then, on the garden, small grooves are made, up to 5 cm deep and with a distance between them of 40-45 cm, and uniform sowing is carried out.
At the end, the seeds are covered with earth, and the bed can be mulched or left as it is.
Planting garlic bulbs before winter( autumn):
In the spring of
Planting spring garlic is almost no different from winter, but here, too, has its own characteristics.
First, the sowing time is different. Spring garlic is usually planted in early March, , and this already causes some difficulties, since the earth is solid and it is properly heated.It will be very difficult to make rows on such a ground, so it is better to prepare the flower bed in advance from autumn, to mulch and cover with film.
The second point is that after the first germination of , it will be necessary to arrange the care of in accordance with all the rules, i.e.water, feed, monitor the appearance of pests and diseases, etc.
will need to be organized for care. Direct reproduction method.
And the last method, which at first glance, may seem a bit complicated, but if you look closely, it is not so. But a certain skill for this method is required.The bottom line is that the garlic planted from the brooches grows in the same place for 2 years in a row, after which a mature head with teeth is dug out of the ground.
Everything is done as follows:
- At the beginning of June, when the bulbs are already formed on the arrows, you need to catch a moment and cut them off before they open. The easiest way to do this, focusing on the color of the leaves - as soon as yellowness begins to appear - can be cut off.
- Next, cut off the bulb should be a little dry in the sun for 1-2 days to be in the ground, it was easier for them to open up.
- Once everything is done, you can start landing. It is no different from the one that is held for the winter or spring. Upon completion, the bed is recommended to mulch.
- Approximately at the beginning or middle of October there will be ready garlic, or rather, that same clove will ripen, which is needed to get a full-fledged head. Digging it is not necessary, on the contrary, the bed should be properly insulated before hibernation.
- If all the conditions were met, then in mid-June, when the harvest period approaches, it will be possible to dig up full-fledged, large heads with a large number of teeth.
This method is quite interesting, but not all gardeners resort to it, often using the traditional planting for the winter.
teeth is dug out of the ground.
The only disadvantage is the long period of cultivation up to a full head - 2 years , but this disadvantage can be easily forgiven, because a good, and most importantly, healthy harvest is always more expensive.