Asparagus beans, at first, did not spread to gardeners. But it is completely in vain. Over time, people realized that tender pods of this sort can be used more in cooking than simple ones. Although its mature fruits are more rigid, then pods do not contain parchment partitions and solid fibers. That is why you can eat the whole pod.
Table of ContentsDescription and Characterization of Asparagus Bean
This bean owes its name to asparagus, which is similar in taste to ready-made pods. But the biological relationship of asparagus beans is very similar to the ordinary. Their main difference is the absence of fibers and a solid film inside. Externally, they can be distinguished by the shape of the pods. In asparagus varieties they have a narrower and longer shape. Asparagus varieties include a separate species called Vigna.
In northern areas, legumes are grown through seedlings. In the south, on the contrary, you can have time to grow two, and sometimes even three harvests per season.
Three main types of green beans are known:
Shade pods also differ in different varieties:
In shape, they are narrow, but long.
May differ from each other and flowers in different varieties. Sometimes they are even used for decorative purposes. Oddly enough, but most varieties are shade tolerant and can be grown even on the north side of the plot in open ground.
Homeland and Regions of Growth
South and Central America is considered the homeland of asparagus beans. Since ancient times, the inhabitants of these regions have been aware of the miraculous properties of asparagus beans. Even the ancient Romans used this plant for cosmetic purposes. In Europe, this plant fell into the 16 century. In Russia, it was originally used to decorate gardens and flower beds. They began to eat food only after a couple of centuries.
Now asparagus beans are grown almost everywhere. Its useful properties and taste have found application not only in cooking, but also in cosmetology and other sectors of the national economy.
The most popular varieties
Asparagus beans already has a huge number of varieties. Some of them have become real favorites of domestic gardeners. These include:
- Turkish woman;
- Snow Maiden;
- oil king.
The first one is often used for decorative purposes. The length of its whips reaches 3 meters. Decorative effect is achieved due to the fact that the foliage very densely covers the stem. In addition to the beauty on the site you can eat more and tasty fruits. The length of the pod reaches 20 centimeters. Their color can be green and pink. The yield is quite good.
Refers to early varieties and tastes very much like asparagus. The bushes of vegetable beans are quite small, the height of the lash is about half a meter. Sunflower seeds green. Productivity is high.
Another very popular early variety is the Butter King. Bush is very compact, not half as high. It is very resistant to diseases and pests, does not require regular watering, tolerates drought well. Pods have a yellow color, the length of the pod is about 25 centimeters. Tastes are excellent, yield is high.
Technology and planting scheme for vegetable seed in open ground
How to plant this bean crop at your dacha? Beans are quite a heat-loving plant, it does not tolerate frosts. When the temperature drops to +10 degrees, the plant stops growing, and at even the most minimal frosts just dies. For planting, try to pick loose, well-drained soil. Pre-organic fertilizers can be applied.
If the soil in the area is poor sandy, then nitrogen fertilizers are applied in spring( for example, ammonium nitrate 20-30 g / m2).
The beans have a very well-developed root system, so it tolerates drought well. But with prolonged absence of rain, watering is still necessary. But the plant does not tolerate excessive moisture.
Seeds can be sown both dry and pre-soaked in a growth stimulant solution. It is not necessary to buy chemical stimulants. Honey, ash, humus and manure will be quite suitable. Sowing is done at an average depth( about 3-4 cm). If the planting is deep, then shoots will have to wait a very long time, and their root system will be weakened. The seed in the garden is planted according to this scheme: the distance between the rows should be 40-50 cm, and between the holes - 20-30 cm.
Post-plant care and cultivation of a plant in the garden
in irrigation, loosening and weeding, fertilization and pest control .
If there is a threat of night frost after planting, cover the sowing with a film or special material. A month after the emergence of shoots need to carry out the first feeding with nitrogen fertilizers. This procedure is especially important in dry weather. In case of insufficient organic content in the soil, complex fertilizers can also be applied.
In the period of the ovary of the pods, feeding with potash-phosphorus fertilizers will be appropriate. For climbing beans, it is advisable to build supports. If the variety you have chosen is also distinguished by its beautiful flowering, you can use it as a decorative one.
asparagus beans When weeding the beds, the grass can not be thrown away, but used as mulch. Later, it can serve as a good fertilizer, as the beans respond well to organic matter.
Harvesting and proper storage of the crop.
As a rule, the pods of the asparagus bean are harvested, preventing their maturity. That is why it is very important not to miss the moment of collection. This is best done a couple of weeks after the appearance of the ovary. It is during this period that the nutrient supply is greatest, the pods are soft and tasty, and the grains are small. When removing the pods, the plant starts a new wave of flowering and continues to tie the pods. This method of harvesting allows you to harvest before the frost.
As a rule, harvested harvested as a fresh crop, and canned, frozen. In a cool and dark place, collected pods can also be saved for a short time. However, after a week they will begin to become rude and lose their commodity qualities. That is why it is better to use freezers for storage for a longer period.
Asparagus beans are valued not only as a component of culinary dishes, but also as an ornamental plant. In addition, it enriches the soil with nutrients and nitrogen, which is also important. In cultivation, this crop is not capricious, and harvesting is very simple. Useful properties of beans were used in very old times, some recipes have survived to our days.