Garlic belongs to the onion family. It is widely used in cooking and traditional medicine. The plant has a spicy taste and smell, is an excellent antiseptic. Agrotechnika its rather simple and its cultivation presents no problems even for inexperienced gardeners. This article will talk about planting summer garlic in the spring.
- When you can plant summer garlic, dates
- How to plant makers in the open ground
- Preparing bulbs for planting
- Preparing the beds
- How to plant
- Growing and caring for the future crop and first crop growth and care for the future crop and first seed growth problems for the future crop and the first crop to start the process of planting
- plant summer garlic, dates There are two groups of garlic - summer and winter, they are also called spring and winter. The division of groups is very simple - in terms of landing.
The differences between them are the following:
- winter forms arrows with air bulbs, by means of which it multiplies;summer shooter does not form and multiply teeth;
- summer bulb has a large number of cloves( up to 30 pieces), the winter has about 10 cloves;
- main advantage of the summer - large shelf life;it can be stored until the next harvest;
- planting dates of summer garlic: the end of April - the beginning of May, winter: the middle of autumn.
In order to obtain a good harvest, it is necessary to plant summer garlic in open ground after the soil reaches a temperature above + 5-6 ° C.
This is explained by the fact that is formed and the active growth of its roots and leaves occur only at low temperatures .
If the dates are shifted even by 1-2 weeks, the leaves and roots cease their active development, which will adversely affect the yield.
How to plant
in spring in the open ground The correct area of for planting summer garlic should be on the sunny side. The soil should be fertile, with a neutral environment.
Acid soils require liming with ash. The best crop grows in the loamy soil .
Preparation of bulbs for planting
warm storage bulbs( stored at room temperature) are slightly under ripened.2 months before planting, they are placed in the refrigerator.
With a cold ( cellar) storage bulb, this procedure is not necessary.Before planting, the teeth are examined and selected only healthy and strong. At the same time, sick, deformed and degenerate( with two tops) are sifted out.
Then the selected teeth are sorted by size.
All teeth are subjected to disinfecting treatment with copper sulphate solution. For 8 hours before planting, the teeth are soaked in a warm solution of nitroammophos;the concentration is 5 g per 10 l of water.
. Preparation of the
beds Garlic precursors may be leguminous or cruciferous plants. The culture also takes root well on soils where pumpkins or cucumbers were cultivated before it.The use of the nightshade( potato, tomato) as precursors is undesirable due to infection of garlic.
Since the root system of the bulbs is small, the beds for it should not be more than 15 cm tall .The width of the beds is 80-90 cm.
. Before planting, it is advisable for to water the beds with salt solution( 150 g of salt per 10 liters of water).
How to plant
It is first necessary to make in the beds of a furrow 5-8 cm deep .Planting is made with the tip of the teeth to the top.
It is necessary to plant it into the ground at a depth of 2-3 cm from the surface to the tip of the tooth. The distance between the teeth is about 10 cm, between the rows - 15 cm. Large teeth are planted separately from the small and medium ones.
After planting and slewing the tines with the ground, needs to feed the beds with ammonium sulfate ( 20 g per 10 liters of water) in order to prevent the pests from spoiling the seed.
Spring planting of garlic:
Growing and caring for the future harvest and the first shoots of
After the appearance of the first shoots of , the culture needs care and feeding. Nitrogenous fertilizers are preferred.The typical composition of the mixture is as follows: in ten liters of water, 25 g of urea and a glass of mullein must be dissolved.
The calculation of the required number of complementary foods is determined based on the area of sowing: per 1 sq. M.need 3 liters of mixture. After 10 days feeding, repeat .
fertilizers. During May and June, the beds should be watered once every 5-6 days with .During this period, watering is carried out once, but in such a way that the soil was constantly moist.
During the entire growing season, it is necessary for to loosen the beds and remove weeds from them. Loosening is done the next day after watering.
As soon as bulbs begin to form, it must be fed with phosphate-potassium fertilizer.To do this, prepare a solution consisting of 10 liters of water, 80 g of double superphosphate and 35 g of potassium chloride. Approximate consumption of the composition - 5 liters per 1 sq. M.
After 10 days fertilization is repeated .Between application, preferably on the 3rd day, wood ash is added to the soil.
Even when planted in late April, garlic is not always able to ripen. From the end of July, it is necessary to control the degree of maturity of the bulb on the leaves.
If they began to dry in early August - the garlic has time to ripen. If the leaves are still fresh during this period, its maturation should be accelerated.
One can accelerate the ripening of the bulbs in two ways: .The first is to partially pull the bulbs out of the ground. At the same time, part of the roots is injured, and all the forces of the plant go not to the growth of the leaves, but to the ripening of the bulb.
In the second method, each bulb has a leaf knotted, its growth stops, and nutrients begin to accumulate intensively in the bulb. Any of these procedures is carried out in mid-August.
Diseases and pests
The main pests of the crop are onion fly and black mold .And although garlic has an excellent protection function, it is advisable to monitor its condition.
From the onion fly, helps with watering with a saline solution( 200 g of salt per 10 l of water).
Against the fungus black mold well spraying plants Bordeaux mixture.
Cleaning and storage of
Traditionally, crop harvesting is done in the middle of September by .After collecting the plants are dried: the first hour in the garden, then - under a canopy or in a well-ventilated area.Garlic cannot be dried in the sun. This is fraught with sunburn and reduced shelf life.
It is tied up in braids and dried in a suspended state .At the end of the drying process, it is sent to storage, after cutting the dry leaves at a distance of 5-7 cm from the top of the head.
Store garlic in the coldest corner of the apartment( warm storage) or in the basement or in a refrigerator with a temperature of + 1-5 ° C( cold storage).
Garlic Cleaning and Storage Tips:
- plant summer garlic, dates