Automation allows suburban water supply completely forget about the absence of the benefits of civilization in the country. To fulfill this need affordable ideas productive pumping station, which is easy to perform for the hosts and all the hard, admittedly thankless job. You do not want to always carry water in buckets?
We will tell you what kind of a pumping station for questioning will be the best purchase. We list on what criteria should focus its buyer. Here you will find a description of the design features and specific equipment connection.
A great addition to the information is the rating of water supply stations, compiled on the basis of personal experience of truckers in selecting the vehicle. Use the provided contact information, photos and videos backed up, you easily solve the problem of the purchase and construction of the unit of the system.
The content of the article:
- Pump or pump station: what is the difference?
- Design features of equipment
- Criteria for selection of pump installations
Rating inexpensive and fuel-efficient units
- The best models of domestic production
- Pumping equipment of foreign brands
- Conclusions and useful videos on the topic
Pump or pump station: what is the difference?
Indeed, while it is necessary pumping station in the country? Is not it easier to buy an ordinary submersible pumpThat does not require special maintenance and is cheaper?
This embodiment is the most common, particularly in suburban areas, where the hosts are found only in summer, but not the most efficient.
Inclusion of the pumping station in an organization chart for the automatic plumbing suburban water supply to the taps
Pump machine became the foundation on the basis of which appeared pumping stations that automate the extraction of water from the source
Pumping stations are designed for pumping water from shallow workings and open bodies of water, because their composition includes surface pumps
For pumping water from wells to 25 m supplemented ejector station. Fence water from deep wells produce a submersible pump, a scheme is called a pumping system
Pump systems are generally selected from separate components. Hydraulic Tank and equipment are installed on the surface, the pump is immersed in the production
The assembly of the pumping station with the surface unit can also produce their own hands of the appropriate components to meet the challenges
In most pumping schemes as a setup station factory production and self-assembly, a hydraulic reservoir and automatic close to the pump
Accumulator, working in tandem with surface pump may in analogy with the system installed separately. It is important to place the automatic next to the hydraulic tank
Pump station arrangement in suburban allotment
Pump machine as a precursor of the pumping station
Station with a surface pumping unit
Apparatus pumping systems submersible pump
Construction of a pumping system
Components for the assembly station
Location hydraulic tank and automation
Separate installation accumulator
The operating principle of the pump is as follows: the device is switched on and starts to pump water into the opening faucet, flushing the toilet tank, connect the garden hose, and turns off after the shutdown Sanitary devices.
It does not exclude the situation where once again, opening the tap, you will not find it in the water. This can happen for two reasons:
- the water level in the well has dropped significantly, and the pump is simply nothing to download. As long as the source is filled to the desired level, the device will be "silent";
- the pump can not work effectively when surges in the network, and often such differences lead to device failure.
When using the water pumping station outages can be avoided, since it includes a water tank storing a backup. If the fluid flow from the well is stopped, the pump automatically begins to pump water from the tank. Moreover, pumps creates a stable pressure and provides good water pressure at the tap.
The submersible pump may be shut down when there is insufficient water level in the well or borehole (+)
Another advantage of using the pump station is the ability pumping water from a well a very small diameter hose lowered into it, see section 2.5. This circumstance is particularly significant for summer cottage, since there is no need to equip the capital artesian well.
Design features of equipment
All made pumping stations are divided into industrial and domestic. First characterized by high capacity and high-impact, they are used to supply various industrial facilities.
Pump station provide uninterrupted water supply and home area, even if the water in the well or the well reaches a critical level
Power consumer devices are much lower in most models of its indicators not exceed 1200 watts, which is enough to supply water to the country house, hozpostroek and watering the garden.
The main pump unit includes a pumping station portion, within which are registered and running casing portion and an electric motor with a flange
Required station component - the hydraulic reservoir, a receptacle forming a water reserve in the water, eliminating the frequent switching of the pump and the water hammer effect
Unconditionally in the scheme of the automated water intake should be incorporated pressure switch - electrical appliance responsive to decrease / increase the network pressure
Pressure gauge - control device, which allows to determine deviations from the norms of pressure in the system. May be mounted both before and after the automatics
The base unit is a part of the pumping station
Accumulator as part of pump station
Device for the automatic pump control
Manometer and especially its installation
The basic structural elements pumping station They are:
- pump unit;
- capacity for storing water or oil tank;
- pressure switch;
The most important element of the system is to pump it from its characteristics depend on the functionality of the equipment.
automated water supply schemes can be equipped with surface units, mounted directly on the accumulator, or submersible, which fall directly into borehole or well.
Standard pump station intended for domestic use, able to satisfy the water needs of small cottage podvorya
Surface pumps are in turn also divided into several types:
- Self-priming with integrated ejector, they allow you to get water from a depth of 45 meters. However, these units work very noisy and have a high price.
- Self-priming with external ejector, which is installed in the mine pit. Devices can also extract water from a great depth, during operation emit a minimum of noise, but they are sensitive to sand and silt;
- Swirl or centrifugal pumps without ejector capable of pumping water from a depth of no more than ten meters. Units of this type are much cheaper counterparts and work more efficiently.
For suburban areas with a high groundwater level usually selected last most economical and inexpensive embodiment of a pumping station. Centrifugal units are reasonably high noise levels, so they are usually installed away from residential buildings.
Vortex operate almost silently, but may break when frozen, they are better placed indoors. If the depth of occurrence of water in the well over nine meters, it is advisable to use a pump station with a submersible type.
The station is equipped with a submersible pump, allows to pump water from a great depth, the selection of equipment is necessary to take into account the diameter of the borehole and the output of the unit
Pumping stations are equipped with a storage capacitance accumulators. Reservoirs of the first type are equipped with a float mechanism controlling the water level.
Drives are cheap, but lately rarely used because of the complexity of installation (they are installed on the plumbing fixtures), poor performance and large size.
The hydraulic tanks are fully sealed tank compact, manageable pressure sensor. They have a high efficiency, provide good stable pressure and water pressure. Suitable for installation in any location.
Despite its small size, a pumping station with accumulator has high productivity and enables to organize uninterrupted supply of water (+)
Criteria for selection of pump installations
When selecting the pump station is necessary to consider both the characteristics of the equipment, and especially sources of water intake, located at the summer cottage. One important parameter is the pump power, which varies in the different models in the range of 0.6 to 1.5 kW.
To calculate the optimal capacity of the plant, it is necessary to take into account a number of factors: how many there are in the house and plot points water pumping at what distance from the pump is located well, the quantity of water can provide a source for a certain period time.
To properly calculate the power of the pumping station is necessary to take into account the number of sanitary devices, in which will be supplied to the water
Many believe that the stronger the plant, the better, but this is not always the case. If the pump power is higher than the bandwidth water well, It can dry out very quickly. In addition, too powerful machine requires a large electric power consumption.
With this index is closely related parameter such as the capacity (volume of liquid which is able to pump unit per unit time). When choosing a model, we must note that its performance must not exceed the capabilities of the well. For suburban area seasonal residence sufficient capacity pump wave to 3 m3 / h.
Pumping station excellent pumping water from wells, if between the surface and the water surface is not more than 8 - 12 m. The precise limits specified in the data sheet manufacturer
Pumping from groundwater wells produce needles exclusively pumping stations or pumps machine
Pumping station is installed in the caisson as additional equipment if the water is pumped through too long for a single pump or supply conduit at an unrealistic for one unit height
Pumping water from open reservoirs is carried out by pumping stations at the entrance to the suction pipe which is necessarily mounted strainer
Pumping equipment for the garden
Water intake of Abyssinian well
Uses for pressurization
Pumping water from a natural body of water
Another important characteristic of the equipment - the volume of water storage tank. It's simple - you need to calculate how much fluid is consumed daily for domestic use, irrigation, cooking and, based on the received parameters, to select a desired storage station volume.
Contemporary models include hydraulic reservoir volume from 18 to 100 liters. Our most popular - the installation of 24-50 liters, which is the best option for a family of three or four people.
In trade there station reservoir volume from a half liters and a power not exceeding 600 watts. They are mainly used for irrigation and water pumping. If the country has a storage tank, it is possible to buy the equipment without the tank, which will be much cheaper.
Life of the unit largely depends on what the Mother of manufactured housing accumulator. Manufacturers offer plastic, cast iron and metal tanks.
The selection of the pumping station, equipped manufacturer considerable importance is the type of pump:
The selection of the pumping station, equipped manufacturer considerable importance is the type of pump
Station to acquire centrifugal pump unit for pumping water directly from the source
If an isolated supply is planned to automate the system, it is better to buy the station with self-priming pump. It is not necessary to regularly fill with water before each start
Stations with vortex pumps are used in pumping water supplied under pressure, i.e. from a central water supply network or with multiple pumps
Pump machine with a small accumulator
Centrifugal Equipment complete
Self-priming centrifugal unit
Pumping systems with vortex pumps
Containers made of plastic are lightweight, operate almost silently, but their life small, design of cast iron wins on cost, but they are heavy and may be subject to Corrosion. Most reliable and durable drives are considered to be made of steel, but they are not without drawbacks: noisy work and expensive.
When choosing a pump station, you must also take into account the nature of the source (natural reservoir or well, its degree of fullness, the depth of water), how far away the pump, the maximum height water supply
Rating inexpensive and fuel-efficient units
pumping equipment market today can offer cottagers very decent quality and affordable pumping stations, both domestic and foreign manufacturers. The choice is huge, any owner of a gardening farm can choose a model to suit your needs and financial capabilities.
Despite the fact that the leading position in the industry occupy the German brands Metabo, Gardena, Karcher, AL-KO and Italian brands Marina, Ergus, products of Russian companies JEELEX, Caliber, Vortex, bison, too, is in high demand from domestic consumers.
The best models of domestic production
Rating the most popular pumping stations for questioning automatic station opens JEELEX Jumbo 50/28 ch18. Reliable machine, in which good performance combined with affordable price.
Automatic pump system JEELEX Jumbo 50/28 has a low power 0.5 kW, it is perfectly cope with the pumping of water from a source to a depth of 9 m
The pump housing is made of cast iron, and oil tank of 18 liters made of painted steel. The station provides the water rise up to 28 meters. Her performance 3 m3 / h is sufficient for watering the garden and the water supply of the country house.
A detailed review of the pumping station JEELEX Jumbo 50/28 you can see in the video:
Pumping station Bison ZNAS 800 - another worthy representative of the Russian manufacture. Equipment is available in two versions: with plastic, cast iron pump housing, the accumulator capacity of 20 liters in the two versions is made of plastic. On both models the manufacturer provides a warranty of 5 years.
One of the advantages is the availability station integrated thermal protection against overheating, which will turn off the installation in the event of the pump at high speeds, which significantly increases the service life equipment. Vacationers who have experienced this automatic system on the sites, leave positive feedback for its reliability and quality.
When power 0.8 kW Bison ZNAS station 800 has a capacity of 3.3 m3 / hour and provides a good pressure to a height of 40 meters
pumping stations Caliber 650 SVD - cost-effective and low-cost automation systems that allow you to organize a full-fledged water supply system in a small country economy. The pump is manufactured in plastic, iron or a metal case, as the marking pattern indicates the letters "P", "W" or "H". From this characteristic also depends on the performance of the model.
Thus, a station with a pump from cast iron has a maximum performance of 2.5 m3 / h, in the case of stainless steel - 3 m3 / h, and in the plastic - 3.5 m3 / h. Unit capacity of 0.65 kW provides water rise to a height of 35 meters.
Although inexpensive cost, Caliber pumping station equipped for the qualitative and stable operation, it is reliable and low noise
For those who enjoy a summer residence only in the summer months, and does not set itself the task of organizing a full water system, Are ideal compact low power setting Caliber 160 and SDL 310Equipped with one and a half and two-liter tank.
When power 0.16 kW and 0.31, they have a very substantial performance of 1.8 m3 / h, which is sufficient for irrigation and pumping water from a source to the places of the draw. At the same price of the device is about 4,000 rubles.
Pumping station Whirlwind DIA 800 series It is presented in two versions with a pressure accumulator tank 19 and 24 liters. Performance 3.6 m3 / h is provided a centrifugal pump power of 0.8 kW. The device is only suitable for pumping clean water, different silent and reliable operation and has affordable price.
The pumping system allows to arrange a continuous supply with a good water pressure at a distance of 40 meters from the water source
In summer visitors are also very popular automatic station Whirlwind ASB 370 with cast iron pump and the hydraulic tank, a capacity of 2 liters. By price is comparable with low power gauge settings, but for performance, which is 2.7 m3 / h, greatly exceeds their.
With the model number of pump stations Vortex introduces the following video:
In the ranking of the best pumping stations for questioning included universal automatic installation Akvarobot JS 60. Its price is slightly higher than the previously mentioned models, but it's worth it.
The device is equipped with a multi-stage thermal protection and dry run automatically switched off in the event of any system in critical situations, working steadily at differences voltage.
Akvarobot JS 60 is the solution for the organization of independent water supply of private houses with permanent residence and to set up and a small garden of seasonal
The pump is made of stainless steel, and its impeller - of brass. Power model is 0.45 kW, - 3 m3 / hour. Hydraulic accumulator volume - 24 liters. Adaptive model equipped with hydraulic reservoir volume of 5 liters and having similar characteristics can buy cheaper.
pumping unit Belamos XK 06 ALL - the product of a joint Russian-Belarusian production. The model has a good build quality and a very decent performance at a very low cost. At a power of 0.6 kW and a capacity 2.8 m3 / hour rise station provides water for 33 m. The impeller is made of brass.
Inexpensive automatic station provided Belamos litrovm tank 20, whose capacity is enough to satisfy the water needs of the seasonal stays at the cottage
Pumping equipment of foreign brands
Among foreign brands most popular among truckers enjoys pumping station of Italian production Marina CAM 40/22 HL. Installation equipped with overload protection and dry running, there is also a built-in pressure gauge, carrying water pressure control, pressure switchBy which the system can operate in automatic mode.
The compact model has a quiet move, requires no special maintenance. It is easy to install and easy to manage
Fitting power is 0.8 kW, - 3 m3 / hour. Hydraulic tank - 22 liters. These settings allow you to organize uninterrupted supply of water in several points of the draw in the home and at the dacha.
Pumping station automatic Gardena 3000/4 Classic - a product of the famous German manufacturer of pumping equipment. This model has a very affordable price, so it is often purchased for use in the country economy. Reliable and safe products are manufactured with the famous German delicacy and impeccable quality.
Installation is endowed with a small capacity, 0.65 kW, but, nevertheless, provides water rise without problems a height of 40 m volume of the accumulator -. 19 liters, which is enough to cover the needs in water dacha.
Compact and low-noise unit provides comfortable and convenient accommodation in the summer at the dacha
Another representative of the German company, which is firmly entrenched in the suburban areas of Russia - a pumping station AL-KO HW 3000. Quiet operation, ease of management, reliability - the distinctive features of the pump unit.
At relatively low power 0.65 kW, the unit provides performance 3.1 m3 / h. The accumulator also has a very modest volume - 17 liters, which is offset by impeccable quality performance and excellent technical characteristics of equipment.
Installation is not only demonstrates excellent performance, but also has a stylish and ergonomic design
Considering the models of foreign brands, not to mention the production of Chinese manufacturers, whose pumping equipment was fairly widespread in the vast Russia.
For example, the pumping station is a Chinese company with American roots Patriot PW 850 24 Inox often it purchased for suburban use due to its low price and very good quality.
Fitting power is 0.85 kW at an output of 3 m3 / h, which allows the liquid to rise 30 meters high (+)
The system is equipped with hydraulic reservoir capacity of 22 liters, the pump is made of stainless steel, thereby ensuring its long and reliable operation. The motor unit is completely adapted to the conditions of electrical networks in Russia.
Conclusions and useful videos on the topic
The principle of operation of the pumping system is described in the following video:
The review is a far from complete list of effective and low-cost equipment for the organization of water supply suburban area.
There is still quite a lot of quality and affordable pumping stations, both domestic and foreign production. But in any case, when choosing a particular model must be based on their needs and characteristics of the source water intake.
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