Not so long ago, an exotic vegetable appeared on the store shelves - purple potatoes. At first, consumers were wary of it, but when useful properties became known, the situation immediately changed. In addition, exotic pulp color allows cooks to create culinary masterpieces , characterized by their original appearance. True, while in our country this variety of potatoes is not grown on an industrial scale, but for your own summer cottage you can easily order seed in the online store.
Table of contents
- Description and characteristics of purple varieties of potatoes
- What are the varieties of potatoes with purple pulp called?
- The Benefits and Harm of Potatoes
- Cultivation Use
- Hearing Away. In this case, shades range from pale pink to deep purple .This unusual plant was obtained without the use of methods of gene modification: the specialists used exclusively the methods of classical selection. We crossed our usual potato with its wild relative from South America.
. The common differences of the varieties with violet pulp include:
- tubers have oblong ;
- pulp does not lose its color even after heat treatment;
- has ; a large number of useful trace elements , which enhance immunity;
- is very well stored thanks to the 's thick skin .
After cooking, the pulp has a characteristic nutty flavor, which also favorably distinguishes these varieties and expands the possibilities of application in cooking.
What are the names of varieties of potatoes with purple flesh?
Breeders are really interested in breeding varieties with purple flesh, so now there are already quite a lot of them. But domestic gardeners often call this variety much simpler: blue potatoes. However, the essence does not change.
Potatoes with purple pulp are still in the development stage, but now you can buy some varieties with different color intensity for your summer cottage. The most popular are:
Negress Chinese truffle Potatoes French violet truffle Vitelotte Russian Black Gourmet
- French purple truffle;
- Black Woman;
- Chinese Truffle;
- Russian black.
On volumes sufficient for commercial cultivation, it is not necessary to say, however, shops pleased to introduce our customers to grow these varieties in the summer beds.
The benefits and harms of potatoes
Purple potatoes deserve attention not only because of their unusual appearance and bright color. It has a lot of useful and healing properties. For example, if you prepare a dish from it in any way, you can easily reduce blood pressure in the human body. At the same time, this potato can harm people suffering from low blood pressure, should be avoided in the menu of colored potato dishes.
Due to the presence of antioxidants, purple potatoes can slow down the aging process. It contains a large amount of vitamins C, E and carotenoids. The product is not genetically modified, and its unusual color is the result of crossing with wild African and equatorial varieties.
Regular consumption of colored potatoes is conducive to improving vision and strengthening the walls of blood vessels. Due to this, reduces the risk of atherosclerosis .Also reduces the risk of developing certain types of cancer.
Use in Cooking
In practice, the same dishes are prepared from purple potatoes as from white or cream. At the same time, they differ in their original look.Tasters note that they have a characteristic nutty flavor, but this does not spoil the impression of the dish.
Colored potatoes are used in dietary nutrition, since contains not only huge amounts of vitamins and microelements, but also with a high level of starch content does not lead to obesity. This is achieved due to the metabolic activity of other substances.
Cultivation of the
variety. How to grow such potatoes in your summer cottage
. Planting is carried out in two ways: traditional( tubers) and seeds. For the second option, you must first germinate the seeds, then grow seedlings at home, and then transplant them into the open ground. Seeds are planted in April, and seedlings are transplanted into open ground no earlier than in the middle of May.
When planted with tubers, the planting period is the same as for regular potatoes.When choosing the landing dates, the climate and weather features of the region are taken into account. Be sure to wait until the threat of night frost has passed.
Trying to choose a light soil for planting purple potatoes. Oxygen must easily penetrate into it and not excessive moisture stagnate. An excellent option would be neutral sandy loam, as well as flood plain and sod-podzolic soils. Before the onset of the first frost conduct a rough primary digging of the selected area .During frosts, the larvae of the pests that were in the tilted land will die.
. With the onset of heat, when the minimum soil temperature reaches 5 ° С, they start planting. Pre-re-digging of the soil is done, the wells are prepared with the addition of wood ash. The distance between the rows should be at least half a meter, and between the holes it should be kept at the level of 30 centimeters .Depth of landing reaches 10 centimeters.
Planting and care
If the soil in the selected area is dry, then should be watered at least three times: immediately after germination, during flowering and immediately after it. In the absence of rain plants need to irrigate at least once a week. If there is a lot of moisture, fungal diseases will develop, and with its lack of planting they can dry out.During planting, care should be taken to ensure that plants have good access to air and light. To do this, do not save space and plant bushes very close to each other, and observe the recommended distances.
After the emergence of the shoots of the purple potato, it must be regularly weeded and the weeds removed. When a crust appears on the soil, it should be loosened. Regularly treated beds with drugs against the Colorado potato beetle, late blight and other common pests and diseases.
While purple potatoes fall into the category of delicacies. But thanks to the hard work of domestic breeders, it is quite realistic that soon it will become available to any category of the population, since it benefits the human body. This would be great, because useful properties of this product make you seriously think about the industrial scale of growing colored potatoes in our country.