How to choose an infrared heater: Classification tips and models

Interest around the room heating infrared devices does not subside: some consider them to be ineffective, the other - the most comfortable and economical.

Before you choose an infrared heater, it is necessary to understand its technical characteristics and the nuances of the installation, as well as get acquainted with the modern models available on the market. It is these issues and is dedicated to our article - here, we will discuss the advantages of this type of heater, select the main species present in the market.

Also consider the best models of well-known manufacturers that users appreciated above others. In addition, the article is themed photos and videos with advice on selecting the best heater for houses and apartments.

The content of the article:

  • The good IR heaters?
  • Classification of infrared devices
    • Classification # 1 - a division of the energy source
    • Classification # 2 - The difference in method of installation
    • Classification # 3 - variations in the radiation range
  • Recommendations for choosing a heater
  • Review of popular models
    • Model # 1 - DeLonghi HMP2000
    • Model # 2 - Polaris PKSH 0608D
    • Model # 3 - Teplofon ERG / EVNAP 1.0
    • Model # 4 - Ballu BIH-APL-0.6
  • Conclusions and useful videos on the topic

The good IR heaters?

Unlike radiators and convectors, Infrared devices have a completely different principle of operation. They initially not heated air space, which are in contact, and things under the influence of infrared rays.

If the room in front of a heater of a cupboard, then first heat up vertically disposed surface of the cabinet, and then - the air.

Why users abandon traditional instruments and acquire precisely infrared devices?

According to reviews, IR domestic appliances have a number of indisputable advantages:

  • the lack of "heat zones" under the ceilingCharacteristic Improvement with convection heating, since the heated air is evenly distributed around the room;
  • possibility of local heating individual portionFor example, the sofa in the living room or the dining table in the kitchen;
  • safety for furniture and other items that are "on the way" infrared rays;
  • addressing the special problems - assume warming glazed structures (windows, doors, balconies insulating glass), which are cooled in the winter time and reduce the air temperature in the kitchen, living room or bedroom.

On the market infrared heaters do not require additional maintenance and easy to operate. To bring the device into operation, you must use the manual switch.

There are many more expensive models with automatic control. If you set thermoregulator, The heater will turn on or change the intensity of the heat, if necessary raising / lowering of the temperature in the room.

IR heater in the interior

Infrared heaters compete more conventional oil radiator, which is usually used seasonally, during cooling, as a backup heat source

Also note the safety and environmental friendliness of the device, in the course of work, they do not emit hazardous living creatures and plant substances, and when properly installed and the radiation itself is only valid positively.

The disadvantages include the high cost of models with additional features, dependence heaters work by installation errors and poor health for some users. we talked in more detail about the dangers of infrared devices in this article.

Infrared electric model

Electric models, which are most common in everyday life, work on line 220 while spending far less power than alternative oil radiators

Classification of infrared devices

The basis of the division into groups formed parameters such as the length of the thermal waves, place and method of installation, power (energy source, from which devices are IR). Before you decide which model to choose an infrared heater, you should be familiar with all possible devices.

Classification # 1 - a division of the energy source

Depending on what kind of diet is necessary IR device, release these types of heaters:

  • electrical;
  • gas;
  • liquid (water);
  • Diesel (kerosene).

They are not only a source of energy, but also the design, performance and cost.

The most extensive group consists of electric models. They can be divided into two subgroups: radiating heat waves and light emitting + heat.

The second subgroup includes devices with halogen, or carboxylic quartz lamps, the main heating element which can be carboxylic spiral nichrome or tungsten filament.

Found classification and type of the heating element when the lamp devices belong to one group, solid (ceramic) - to the other, and film third. Some manufacturers classify devices based on the characteristics of the lineup.

For example, a series of marks Ballu devices (S2, AP4, APL, LW et al.) Are arranged depending on the space installation and the specific purpose - to heat the room as a whole, the site on the street, separate subject.

Film heater in the ceiling

Film infrared electric heating systems are good for installation on the ceiling or wall - large work area provides an efficient and uniform heating of the room (the garage, porch, workshop)

Gas device before used only for heating of industrial facilities, but now there are many domestic models. They work on the gas bottles of various volumes (typically from 5 liters to 50 liters) and spend approximately 300-350 g of fuel per hour.

Security is achieved with safety valves which are triggered if the gas supply is stopped or when the concentration of CO2 in the air for more than a half percent.

A gas appliance for heating IR

Sample portable devices running on gas - the tourist model pezopodzhigom Kovea (Series Fire Ball), which can be used for heating and reheating foods

Diesel heaters are used where there is no possibility to connect electricity, or use a gas cylinder. Mobile models in the same way you can take it to the cottage or in the garage.

There are special options for camping tents. They are efficient and economical, since they require a small amount of fuel.

Mobile diesel model

Unlike diesel heat guns, infrared models do not emit combustion products, therefore, do not burn and oxygen in a confined space

There is also such species as infrared appliances with the supply of hot water. They are connected with a heating system and provide heating of the lower part of the premises. Samples can be panel FRICO Aquaztrip AZB, created specifically to save energy in production and administrative buildings.

A striking example of outdoor electric infrared heater is ideally suited for the local heating or office accommodation, a Scarlett SC-253.

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Features installation of infrared devices

Universal device has two mounting options - the wall (in brackets) and outdoor (on a support). Floor method is useful if there is a need to change the place of installation

Main technical characteristics of the device

The heater is designed for room service 18 m². Maximum power - 1.8 kW. A useful option - overheating protection

What constitutes the heater

The housing is made up of the heating element is enclosed inside the heat-resistant metal and plastic components - quartz lamp

How is mount to a tripod

special bar is designed for outdoor installation - a tripod, the height and slope of which can be adjusted using fasteners located on the reverse side

Metal grille on the case

To protect against accidental burns body is equipped with a curved metal bars, for which there is a heating element

How is the power adjustment

To enlarge or reduce the intensity of heat enough to turn the handle, which is arranged on the side of the case, to the right of the protective screen

Securely Floor Standing

States is a support for the heater, even in the presence of the four "feet" is easily tipped from accidental impact (on customers reviews)

The rate of heating the room when the

After plugging in the room temperature is changing relatively quickly - rises by about 5 degrees for half an hour

Features installation of infrared devices

Features installation of infrared devices

Main technical characteristics of the device

Main technical characteristics of the device

What constitutes the heater

What constitutes the heater

How is mount to a tripod

How is mount to a tripod

Metal grille on the case

Metal grille on the case

How is the power adjustment

How is the power adjustment

Securely Floor Standing

Securely Floor Standing

The rate of heating the room when the

The rate of heating the room when the

Cost Scarlett SC-253 at various points of sale -. From 2400 to 2700 rubles, that is, it can be attributed to the budget models.

Classification # 2 - The difference in method of installation

By type of installation, all devices can be divided into 2 categories:

  • stationary (Ceiling, wall, baseboard, wall);
  • mobile (Indoor and outdoor).

The first type is suitable for users who regularly require heating the room as a whole or individual zone. The shape and dimensions of the instrument are fully dependent on the installation location. For example, ceiling models often have an elongated configuration and wall - rectangular or square.

Apart from the usual curtain heaters, there are also built in, which can be placed in the ceiling or shelf.

Floor models typically have supports or legs, some of them have a handle for convenient transfer to another place. On the size of the modification is less mobile although there are exceptions, and the weight is easier - everything is provided for easy transportation. Large capacity, they also do not differ, but it is suitable for local heating.

Popular models at the place of installation:

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Electric infrared heater for ceiling mounting

Suspended ceiling model is mounted on brackets, allowing to change the heating zone: you can heat the space station before the window or the window itself

Wall electric infrared device

Often its design reminiscent of wall heaters or smooth panels without design or colored pictures, harmoniously complement the interior

Floor model for heating rooms

Floor devices can be vertically or horizontally arranged, have a high short leg or pedestal-bearing

Street infrared heater local action

Action street gas or electric devices, which resemble in structure umbrellas, pyramids or columns, extends into a radius of 5.3 m

Electric infrared heater for ceiling mounting

Electric infrared heater for ceiling mounting

Wall electric infrared device

Wall electric infrared device

Floor model for heating rooms

Floor model for heating rooms

Street infrared heater local action

Street infrared heater local action

Heaters are designed to heat the restricted areas on the street (outdoor terrace), can not be used in closed, particularly in residential areas. Current models for outdoor use, as well as indoor counterparts, equipped with protective safety devices: they are automatically turned off when nonconducting flame.

Classification # 3 - variations in the radiation range

Experienced users of infrared equipment are well aware that it may be different and the wavelength. From this figure depends on the power of the device and some other technical details.

Conventionally, there are three groups of IR heaters differing wavelengths:

  • with short waves;
  • middle;
  • long.

The first type of device can be found at the time of switching due to wavelength range from 0.5 microns to 3.0 microns. As heating elements protrude halogen or carboxylic lamps that give a bright emission and are able to heat up to a temperature of +900 ° C.

Shortwave IR heater

Powerful shortwave IR heaters are not used in households or in workshops, hangars, warehouses or on the street since they burn oxygen and consume large amounts of electricity

Medium-devices are heated to about + 550-600 ° C and have a wave length of 45-50 microns. Barely perceptible light catch, but with difficulty. Long-wave model - a device intended for use in the home. They are heated to a maximum of + 300 ° C in the range of more than 50 .mu.m, i.e. the wave practically invisible.

Recommendations for choosing a heater

Before you buy to be addressed: which model is better to choose an infrared heater for your own use? If you are attracted to carbon version of the infrared device, we recommend that you familiarize yourself with the variety and tips carboxylic choice model.

And also need to determine where it will be installed the device, whether it is possible to transfer in need another room, on which the heating area should be calculated, a power supply for it preferred.

Power is calculated in a standard way: 1 kW to 10 m², ie for heating one room unit does not require powerful 2 kW.

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Heaters for streets or terrace

To create a cozy, almost home-like atmosphere in the pavilion or on the terrace, you can install a gas or electric device average power

Appliances for the kitchen or nursery

Children's curiosity is not afraid of any obstacles, and even more so the heater outlet, so the apartment with the kids is better to buy ceiling model

Mobile devices for heat

If the device you will often be moved from room to room, or at the time of storing it, it is better to buy a mobile compact floor-standing model

Infrared equipment for garages

To the garage to increase the temperature by a few degrees or quickly dry the paint on the car, use gas or diesel portable heaters

Heaters for streets or terrace

Heaters for streets or terrace

Appliances for the kitchen or nursery

Appliances for the kitchen or nursery

Mobile devices for heat

Mobile devices for heat

Infrared equipment for garages

Infrared equipment for garages

One of the indicators of "longevity" of home heaters - durable materials and good build quality. Sometimes even to the eye can be assessed as reliable and functional thing.

If the housing is no nicks, chips and scratches, all the details fit the exact size, the lattice is not distorted, adjustment is made freely - products of decent quality.

IR heater in a pattern

If the first place is an unusual design, the main focus - a wall-mounted electric models. Some are made so skillfully that they are difficult to distinguish from paintings or graphic works

Caution should be taken to be the cheapest models. Even if you are satisfied with the appearance, to look for the catch - perhaps the case in poor-quality materials or in the absence of any protection. Security heater - one of the main criteria for which you can overpay.

If the price is above normal, the unit is equipped with additional devices that may be useful. For example, a thermostat controlling the temperature overheat sensor or remote control / at.

Review of popular models

In assessing this or that model, users pay attention to the nuances of the following:

  • design features;
  • a set of options;
  • installation method;
  • unit price;
  • energy consumption;
  • Power et al.

As a result, we selected the best models that combine high performance and positive performance.

Model # 1 - DeLonghi HMP2000

A universal device which can be installed both on the floor and on a vertical surface. For wall mounting special attachment provided.

DeLonghi HMP2000

Infrared HMP2000 Series device has a capacity of 2 kW and is suitable for heating rooms up to 24 m². Metal housing - an additional guarantee of lifetime, declared by the manufacturer

Floor models are equipped with small wheels to move around the apartment. Power adjustment is carried out mechanically by a handle located on the housing. The cost of the heater - 4,5 thousand. rubles.

Model # 2 - Polaris PKSH 0608D

The dual-mode carbon heater is suitable for home use. power adjustable from 400 to 800 W allows you to configure the device to a comfortable mode. It is possible to rotate the housing, which is located vertically at 70 degrees.

In case of accidental rollover works equipment and disconnects the power supply. Electronic thermostat and remote control make the model even more fun to use. unit cost - 3250 rubles.

Appearance Polaris 0608

Sleek design of the floor heater allows you to easily fit into almost any decor. The relatively small size and elongated body contribute to the fact that the device takes up little space, even in a modest apartment

Model # 3 - Teplofon ERG / EVNAP 1.0

Model Teplofon Binar effectively heats an area of ​​12 m² and has a power of 1 kW. The secret of popularity lies in the double room heating principle: it can be heated by convective manner and with the help of infrared glass panel.

Teplofon ERG / EVNAP 1.0

For convenient control heater is provided with a display panel, located at the top of the housing. With the help of a certain power can be put buttons and set the desired temperature

Wall unit, if desired, can be mounted on the floor - it has special feet. The unusual design, the glossy panel glass and convenient way to adjust the model made popular, despite the high cost - 6300 rubles.

Model # 4 - Ballu BIH-APL-0.6

Fiscal wall model has affordable price - 2500 rubles, and the power of 600 watts, which is enough to heat 6 m². If you need to warm up a room volume, you must install several devices with the same interval between them.

Appearance heater Ballu

Lightweight, compact and stylish, the heater is easy to fix under the ceiling with his hands. Despite the modest size quite effective device

The heater is supplied with fasteners, which optionally may be used for wall mounting. Light weight, modest price and simple execution model made popular for office equipment.

Manufacturers from all over the world produce high quality line of infrared equipment which differs in power and method of installation. Among the famous brands Hyundai, IRIT, Loriot, Neoclima, Rovex, Royal Clima, Scarlett, SUPRA, Timberk, Vitesse, Zencha, ZENET, Zilon.

If you like the principle of action and effectiveness of infrared devices, you can use them to build an IR heating homes or assemble and connect the underfloor heating.

Learn more about these options, we wrote the following articles:

  • Infrared heating private house: an overview of modern infrared heating systems
  • Infrared film for underfloor heating: types of films as works rules laying
  • Infrared carbon fiber floor heating: the principle of action and rules laying

Conclusions and useful videos on the topic

To enhance their knowledge additional information about infrared devices, and better understand their performance, we suggest you review helpful videos.

The author next movie argues for buying infrared heater models:

Videorekomendatsii on selecting the best heater for homes and apartments:

If among all types of heaters you still staying on IR model, study its characteristics carefully. It is worth to make a calculation of the heat in the rooms and in advance to determine the power. Find out if the equipment chosen will be able to become a full heaters or play the role of backup / auxiliary / local unit.

Eyeing the IR instruments, planning the purchase of a heater for your home? Maybe you still have questions after reading the article? Or do you want to tell other visitors about their experience of using an infrared heater? Write your questions and recommendations in the block under this article, express your opinion, share your experiences with the newcomers in this matter.

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