How to install a water heater yourself
Installing a water heater with your own hands requires certain skills, close attention and availability of a basic set of tools. Connecting a heater with one's own hands is a rather complicated process, and if you never work of this kind, it would be advisable to turn to a professional editing brigade. And if the connection is included in the price of your water heater, the problem disappears by itself.
But if you are still confident in your abilities and prefer to do everything yourself, you will need to read the instructions from the specialists. If you get acquainted with the advice of experienced installers, installing a water heater with your own hands will become for you a matter of several hours.
- 1Preparatory work
- 2What distinguishes water heaters of different types
- 3Water heaters of flow type
- 4Storage water heaters
The first step is to purchase a water heater. When buying such equipment, you should not save on quality, otherwise you risk buying a new device in a couple of years. After you have checked your purchase for defects, you need to perform a number of preparatory operations. The preparation for the installation is as follows:
- Determine the place where the water heater will be installed. Remember that access to the heater must be open throughout its operation. And even after the connection was completed, you can not clutter the surrounding space and even more so close the device with a gypsum board, as some short-sighted guys do.
- If your water heater is mounted on a wall, not on the floor, check the strength of the wall. It must withstand twice the weight of the heater.
- Check the condition of the wiring. Especially it concerns old houses. If you constantly postpone the replacement of the wiring, it would be correct to give it time before installation. You can not trust expensive and powerful household appliances with poor-quality wiring. Determine the cross-section of the wires. If the wiring does not meet the proper standards, it will be necessary to conduct an additional branch from the electrical board. In working with electrical appliances there should be no errors, so do not hesitate to consult an experienced electrician.
- Check the condition of your pipes. If their condition does not allow you to draw a sidebar, you will have to install new ones. This can be done by yourself, does not require much money and time, and also protects you from repair work in the future.
In addition to buying a heater, you will have to spend money on additional materials and devices:
- Electricity circuit breaker;
- A set of stopcocks;
- Wiring to the plumbing system;
- Sealing materials (fum-tape, tow, etc.);
- Metal-plastic pipe.
Prepare the tool kit. If you do not have any tools necessary for installation, do not be stingy and buy them - the tools are not superfluous. You will need:
- Punch and a set of drills;
- Adjustable wrench;
- Set of wrenches;
- Screwdriver set;
- Sealing materials (fum-tape, tow, etc.);
What distinguishes water heaters of different types
So, how to install a water heater with your own hands? Modern water heater can be of two types - flow and storage. Accordingly, the setup scheme for each of them is slightly different. But anyway, connecting a flow heater will require the same set of materials and tools, as well as connecting a storage sample, so that you do not have to run to the building materials store required.
If you want to install the boiler correctly and qualitatively, you can watch the video on this topic. There you can see everything with your own eyes - how to install the housing on the wall, how to connect the boiler to the network, how to connect the boiler to the water pipe, etc..
Water heaters of flow type
This is a fairly compact and lightweight water heater, which can fit even under the sink. If your apartment is rather modest, and you appreciate every square meter of space, this option will suit you as well as possible. In addition, small dimensions make connection by hands even simpler.
But anyway, a weak wiring of an obsolete sample is not suitable for installing a similar device, because the water should be warmed up in a matter of seconds, and the device consumes a large amount of amount of energy.
The scheme of installing a flowing water heater can be of two types, and each of them requires separate consideration:
- Temporary connection. Perfectly suits the situation if you suffer from interruptions with hot water supply and need a spare option. The connection is made using a standard shower hose. First, you need to draw hot water to the heater. The scheme of work is as follows - the tee cuts into a pipe with cold water and connects it with a water heater with a flexible hose. Open the water, and voila - the process has started. The scheme is simple enough and perfectly suited for those who value their time and prefer to do everything themselves.
- Fixed connection. In this case, the supply of hot water is carried out all the time, so be sure to close the riser if you do not want to "sponsor" your neighbors with hot water from your boiler. The scheme of the installation with their own hands is as follows: two tees cut into pipes with hot and cold water, and then install stopcocks. Do not forget about the use of gaskets, otherwise leakage is imminent. Then connect the input to the water heater with the cold water inlet, and the output of the heated water is combined with the hot water tap. It remains only to include the device in the network, and it's done.
Storage water heaters
The first step is to install the water heater on the wall using dowels and anchors. Then it is necessary to mount the tees into the pipes, as in the previous case, and make a bend. Then we bring the cold water to the boiler outlet, and connect the hot water tap with the outlet on the heater.
After that, you need to open the faucets and see how the water will flow. If the air comes out and the water goes on, then the installation scheme is observed correctly. Also check the tightness of all connections. The final stage will be the connection of the boiler to the mains.
You can connect power through the outlet or directly through the circuit breaker - in any case, it will be correct and in accordance with safety regulations.
When carrying out the installation yourself, always follow the attached instructions - it often provides a detailed installation diagram. Follow the instructions and you will be successful..