Late blight is a serious disease affecting both the green part of the tomato and the fruit. What kind of methods were not used by man in the fight against fungal infection, but for the time being it is not possible to beat it 100%.As an option to use for planting in open ground and greenhouse hybrids and varieties resistant to phytophthora.
- Advantages and disadvantages of tomato late blight resistance for open ground
- best varieties fitoftoroustoychivyh tomato
- Japanese creeping
- Rich Hata
- minion of fortune
Advantages and disadvantages of tomato late blight resistance for open ground
Featurevarieties resistant to disease, is in the early term of maturation .Plants enter the active phase of fruiting before the mass epidemic begins.
As is known, late blight, like other diseases, primarily affects young shoots or underdeveloped bushes. The advantage of early ripe tomatoes is that they have time to grow and grow strong, and thus gain strength and resist the rapid development of harmful microorganisms.
Affiliation with phyto-fluorine-resistant varieties of tomatoes does not guarantee complete safety .Gardeners should not relax in terms of preventive measures and the implementation of agricultural practices.
Next, we will give a brief description and description of the varieties of plant-resistant tomatoes for cultivation in Russia, Belarus and the Moscow region.
The best varieties of phyto-fluorine-resistant tomatoes
Culture medium-early ripening, from germination to technical ripeness takes an average of 100 days .
The bush of the determinant species reaches a height of 1.7 m, and therefore needs to be formed( 1, 2 stems) and pasynkovane. Under the weight of ripening fruit branches can break off, so you need to tie them to a support.
Tomatoes have a pleasant raspberry pink color, they taste sweet with a slight sourness. The weight of a ripe tomato is 200-600 g .Long shelf life is ensured thanks to a dense, but not hard skin.
Features of the variety:
- cold resistance;
- easily tolerates temperature differences;
- universal use of fruits.
The height of the bush reaches only 30 cm, the branches are spread in different directions, so when you disembark you need to strictly adhere to the scheme( 70x40 cm).The bed during the fruiting period looks great, the average-sized tomatoes literally stick around each branch.
The mass of a ripe tomato is 100-200 gr ., The shape is round with a small relief of the slices.
Fruits are well stored and transported without loss of commercial quality. Tomatoes can be grown in open ground and even in flower pots.
Features of tomato: the width of the bush reaches 60 cm, strong immunity, consistently high yield( over 5.5 kg).
From the emergence of sprouts to harvest, only 85 days .Bush of compact size, up to 50 cm high.
Betta tomatoes hang on average 50-70 gr ., They have a rounded shape, slightly flattened, the color of the peel is bright red.
Yield due to the small parameters of the bush is low - up to 2 kg, but can grow crops even on the sill .When planting in open ground apply the scheme: 6 seedlings per 1 m2.
The advantages of the variety:
- good taste;
- universal application of tomatoes;
- excellent preservation and transportability.
Features of culture: a long period of fruiting( from June to the end of August), ultra-early term of ripening, demanding to feed.
Fruits Rich hut ripen in just for 95-103 days , reaching a weight of 110-120 g .Culture is characterized by limited growth, which does not require the formation and garters. The stem is powerful, less branched. When planting, the following scheme is used: 4-5 seedlings per 1 m2.
Tomatoes are very tasty, juicy with a pleasant tomato flavor.
The advantages of a hybrid:
- tomatoes are not prone to cracking;
- cold resistance( withstand spring night frosts to minus 3-4 degrees);
- hybrid is suitable for cultivation in Siberia, the Far East;
- strong immunity resists the development of fungi of various species.
Minion of Fate
Early ripening period provides ripe fruits after 90-97 days after seed germination. Plant height does not exceed 90-100 cm, but still recommended stacking. Planted seedlings should be according to the scheme: 3-5 seedlings per 1 m2.
The average fruit weight is 150-220 g. , red skin is dense, but without stiffness, which contributes to long-term storage. The yield from the bush within 2.5 kg, but a low figure is compensated by a pleasant taste.
Advantages of the variety:
- friendly seed germination and the rapid ripening of tomatoes;
- high transportability;
- universal application.
The period of tomato growing season. Anyuta lasts just for 86-95 days. , which makes it possible to shoot 2 harvests per season. Plant height - 65-70 cm, a powerful stalk keeps heavy branches with fruits without a garter. However, experienced gardeners do not recommend relying on the occasion, still not to do without stading and garters.
The weight of ripe tomatoes is 95-120 gr. , the shape is rounded flat, the color of the skin is rich red. When planting beds apply the scheme: 6-7 seedlings per 1 m2.The yield from the bush in the range of 2.5-2.7 kg.
Advantages of the variety:
- compact size of the bushes;
- fast ripening;
- tomatoes are not prone to cracking;
- excellent safety and transportation.
Hybrid Percytea with medium early ripening( growing season 110-118 days ).The variety is obliged by the name to a form of fruits - they are oval extended, in a look reminding Bulgarian red pepper.
Tomato weight about 100 grams .The peculiarity of the vegetable is the high content of seeds in the pulp. The growth of culture is unlimited, it can reach 2 m, so the bush needs to be formed and cradle.
The main advantage of the variety is the high yield .With proper farming, up to 25-30 kg of tomatoes can be removed from a single plant. The flavor qualities of the tomato and its nutritional value make it possible to use the vegetable for preparing baby food( besides winter preparations and fresh use).
The development of late blight is promoted by humid air and soil by , therefore, when cultivating tomatoes, it is necessary to regulate the irrigation regime, to prevent thickening of the beds as a result of the growth of the bushes.
Timely pinching and pinching processes allow air to circulate freely. It is also important to fight weeds, then the plant will have an order of magnitude more chances to resist the fungal disease.