Among the most popular light sources are widely used for indoor and outdoor lighting, can be considered a halogen lamp. They consume more energy than fluorescent and LED, but in performance superior to incandescent lamps.
In this article we will discuss the different types of galogenok, their advantages and disadvantages, as well as introduce you to the best producers and nuances of choice.
The content of the article:
- The principle of operation and the device
- Specifications bulbs
- Advantages and disadvantages galogenok
Variety halogen vehicles
- Linear halogen device
- Galogenki with outer bulb
- Directional light lamps with reflectors
- Capsule or modifications penlight
- Nuances selection galogenok
- Review of the best producers
- Conclusions and useful videos on the topic
The principle of operation and the device
Halogen lighting device much like a conventional incandescent bulb. It contains all the components: the bulb, the tungsten coil, plinth.
The difference is only one instead of an inert gas or a vacuum flask filled with halogens - in pairs bromine, fluorine, iodine. Under the influence of electrical current released tungsten atoms from the filament body, interacting with halogens.
Halogen lamps operate equally well on DC and alternating current, so you can use them in different situations
By compound deposited on the inner walls, but due to the reversibility of the process they fall again on the initial components under high temperatures. tungsten atoms are released on the spiral surface or the vicinity thereof.
This feature allows you to considerably extend the usage time. Under normal circumstances, the lamp is 2000-4000 hours, with a gradual inclusion of this term can be increased to 8,000-12,000 hours.
In addition, this process provides a particularly light intensity inherent galogenki.
Devices demonstrating the following operational characteristics:
- Power range varies from 1 to 20 watts.
- Luminous efficiency of such devices is 15-22 lm / W.
- Depending on the application component nominal voltage may be equal to 6/12/24/110/240.
- At temperatures from -60 to +100 ° C.
- The heating temperature of the body of the tungsten filament to 3000 ° C.
- The temperature of the flask were heated to 500 ° C.
- Pulsating radiation is almost imperceptible; CRI is committed to 100%.
- Efficiency of various kinds of halogen lamps is 50-80%.
Lamps for outdoor lighting, can have more parameters power, voltage, coil temperature.
Currently, the most commonly used to fill the tubes SN3Vr methyl bromide and methyl bromide SN2Vr2. For high-power devices may be used pure bromine pairs
Performance requirements for such type of devices that are not related to the category of road, are set out in the current GOST R IEC 60357-2012.
GOST R 54416-2011 (IEC 60432-3: 2002), Part 3 is devoted to the safety rules for the installation and operation of the halogen tungsten devices.
Advantages and disadvantages galogenok
This type of lighting device has a number of advantages compared to incandescent bulbs. They have a long service life, especially when the rules of operation, as well as lower power consumption.
Due to the increased light output for devices characterized by very bright light that may have a warm or cool tone.
Consumers are offered a wide range of models of this type, which differ in size, shape, and brightness and tone of the light source. It allows you to find the perfect option for any space illumination.
The light emitted by halogen sources, evenly distributed throughout the room. It provides comfort and helps to reduce eye fatigue
Since the use of tungsten halogen prevents deposition on the walls of the glass, one can make such devices compact. Small volume flask also helps to increase efficiency and service period.
Contemplated lamp tolerate adverse environmental factors, including abrupt temperature changes. Because of this, they are ideal for outdoor lighting, especially if you think about their integrity.
The design shall not apply harmful substances, so halogen devices are considered environmentally friendly and do not require special disposal. At the same time it is not necessary to put them in glass containers, since the bulb made of quartz material having other characteristics.
Galogenki also have a number of serious drawbacks. Their use should be strictly comply with fire safety regulations.
Since tungsten spiral strongly heats the flask such devices secrete increased amounts heat, which is why their undesirable legkoplavyaschiesya installed in chandeliers and other lighting device.
We do not recommend also to mount the light bulb in the ceiling; Special pads can be used if necessary.
The downside of these products is also low-frequency noise, which appears in the AC network, if they are used with a dimmer.
Fixtures are also different sensitivity to voltage drops, so it is recommended to include over special transformerThat can significantly increase the lifespan.
Halogen devices are used in various fields. They are used in household lighting fixtures, in a microwave oven, a device for photo and video shootings, car headlights, street projectors
Due to the high temperature lamps increases susceptibility to fat contamination. It is not necessary to touch the bulb with bare hands, as this may cause a burnout or even decay products.
Mount devices should be wearing gloves or using a clean cloth. In case of accidental skin contact, it is desirable to immediately clean the microfiber product dipped in alcohol.
Variety halogen vehicles
The sale represented a considerable range of lighting fixtures. Let us consider the basic types.
Linear halogen device
The first of the emerging species halogen lamps, established back in the 1960s. The design is a quartz tube having bilateral findings, the incandescent body is supported in the inner space by means of special brackets wire.
Small appliances in the parameters have significant power - 1-20 kW, which is why they are almost not used in the areas - mainly they are used for outdoor lighting, inserting in the spotlights.
Modern linear models floodlight suitable for use both outside and inside spaces. Characteristic properties of such lamps are high intensity light and increased shock resistance.
Devices of this type are available in standard length; the most popular are modifications to indicators 78 and 118 mm. Most linear devices, including the popular variant located at both ends R7s caps, assumes a horizontal arrangement.
Galogenki with outer bulb
mains voltage The devices are designed for direct replacement light bulbs. They are equipped with glass bells mounted on the standard E14, E27.
In the interior of the device is halogen quartz lamp, rated at 220 V. The outer shell of glass protects the quartz bulb smaller of accidental contact and contamination.
The devices can be of various shapes and have various embodiments of caps: matting, transparent, dairy. There are also modifications to the glass absorbing UV radiation.
Compared to traditional incandescent devices galogenki have better color, as they give a high color light output t - 2900-3000 Kelvin.
This type of device is often smaller in size compared to standard incandescent bulbs, they can be used in miniature lighting devices. There are also miniature models in the form of candles, balls, hexagons, which can be used in a variety of lighting fixtures
Since the lamps are connected to the network without a transformer, during their service performance depends on the feed device.
It is desirable to connect them through a protective unit which provides a smooth start without a sharp increase in the power is turned on. It's a specialized unit will allow to neutralize the possible voltage drops.
Directional light lamps with reflectors
The design of this version of the device consists of a small flask, equipped with a special reflector. It redistributes the light rays, which sends the device, located in the center.
Reflectors can be made of different materials, but the most popular items received from aluminum.
There are several versions of these lamps, produced in standard sizes MR8, MR11, MR16. The most popular is the latest version with a diameter of 50 mm flasks. The models also differ in the corner of the radiation.
Reflector lamps are often used to organize spot directed illumination. They are often used for installation in suspended / ceilings; correctly counted the number of devices makes them suitable even for general lighting device
Like all halogen devices for this category are characterized by great heat, and the heat radiation is directed forward. If this effect is not desired, you can use models, which draw heat reflectors ago.
Devices with reflectors can be either low voltage calculated at 6, 12, 24, and high voltage operating on the network. In the first case, they are equipped with a bi-pin connectors GY4, GZ4, GU4, GX5,3, GU5,3, GY6,35, second caps G9, G10.
Socles low-voltage halogen lamps with reflectors - 6, 12, 24 - may have various two-pin connector. In this case, the numerals denote the distance between the pins.
One of the most popular types of halogen lamps are galogenki 12 volts. Read more about them in this material.
An innovative kind of reflex lamps are IRC-halogen. On their bottom flask particular applied coating which does not transmit infrared radiation from the tungsten coil, and reflects back to the incandescent body.
This reduces heat loss, thus the power consumption is reduced by almost half.
Models of this type can be transparent or colored protective glass usually having protection against UV-radiation. There are also modifications without cap, which find application in closed luminaires
Halogen reflector devices are considered the most fireproof. Envisaged process heat dissipation prevents heating close surfaces.
Capsule or modifications penlight
This kind of lamp is a miniature capsule-pin, the filament may be positioned transversely or longitudinally, depending on the model. Suitable for use in open luminaires without protective caps.
Capsule galogenki widely used for decorative lighting: they are mounted in the chandeliers, are inserted into furniture or ceiling structure
For such a category of light bulbs used G4 socket, G5,3, GY6,35. The most popular are the mains G9 devices, which are widely used for decorative purposes as well as for the organization of working lights.
Nuances selection galogenok
Lamps should be bought only after the acquisition of a lighting fixture or thinking through the lighting scheme in the case of arrangement of the suspension or stretched ceiling.
It is important to take into account the following factors:
- type of lamp;
- the size flask and cap;
- capacity of the device;
- Operating conditions.
When choosing a necessary first of all to pay attention to what kind of light bulbs is compatible with a lamp purchased. What can we learn from the instructions attached to it.
It requires attention and plinth - piece construction designed for fixing in the chuck. This element made of heat-resistant materials, are placed contacts through which electric current flows, intended to power the device.
In halogen lamps, a wide variety of sockets with the pins can be used. The design of these elements shall conform to the socket lamp for which they are intended
Among the most popular options include G9; G4; R7S; GU10:
- G4 model It is compact. Such lamps are used for spot lighting or backlighting. They have a long life, so are quite popular.
- A proliferation of products and socket G9. They are suitable for installation in decorative lighting and are designed to operate in an alternating electric current with a voltage of 220 V. networks
- For quartz halogen lamps R7S socket characteristic. Compact and lightweight device is most often used in high intensity settings.
- Devices with a GU10 socket equipped with a thickened end of the contacts, providing a rotary connection to the cartridge. This type of apparatus is connected to 220-volt network without a transformer.
On our site there is an article in which we examined in detail the types of lighting the lamp base. To view go on link.
It is also important to consider the scheme of the forthcoming connection that is determined by the level of the lamp voltage. On this depends the need to use the power supply during installation.
The diagram presents various model units with halogen alphabetic designation marking peculiar to each embodiment of such devices
High-voltage or low-voltage products can be used in the circuit. The first function directly from the mains with a voltage of 220 V, so they can be connected without the use of additional blocks. Most of the well-aligned with the dimmers.
For low-voltage devices are, the functioning of which is possible by a voltage of 6, 12, 24 V. To connect them you want to use a transformer or a power supply unit, which plays a stabilizing role, at the same time from a single device can operate several lamps.
Voltage galogenki consume significantly less electrical quantity. With conventional types of dimmers they fit difficult, but the luminescence intensity can be changed by means of a transformer.
Capsule models are often used for decorative lighting, but can also be used for general lighting. Considered the most economical product with reflectors, particularly IRC-device.
Halogen bulbs of different power and form designers are actively using. Such devices are not only pleasing to the eye the light, but also allow you to create spectacular lighting scheme
To prevent heating it is necessary to bear in mind that bulbs were at a distance from the lamp and ceiling wall.
When the external lighting is better to pay attention to the organization of linear luminaires. They have high strength and an intense glow.
Review of the best producers
Among the manufacturers of the best types of halogen bulbs include such reputable companies as:
Osram. It is well-known German company, which was founded in the late XIX century. Now high-tech products are manufactured at 48 plants located in 17 countries, with exports carried out in 150 countries.
OSRAM company specializes in producing all kinds of lighting fixtures, with the largest portion of turnover is household light sources
Among the wide range of products includes several hundred different kinds of halogen products, which differ in the type - capsule, linear, with an outer bulb. They vary in size, design, power, base form.
Philips. Dutch group, created in 1891. He is currently one of the leading manufacturers of lighting products.
The catalog contains a huge selection of galogenok, among them the model of the traditional form, the capsule and reflector devices that provide intense light, which allows you to highlight any corner of the house.
In the production of all product lines, including halogen devices, Philips has extensive use of innovative technology, which ensures the highest quality of products
Also available models with adjustable brightness of the light flux, as well as halogen lights. Recent equipped with a special UV filter, which prevents yellowing avtofar.
According to the manufacturer, the driver's eyes in this case do not get tired, that has a beneficial effect on road safety.
Navigator. History of the brand was launched in 1993 Initially the company was engaged in the conclusion to the market products of other companies, however, it engages in the manufacture of its own products since 2006. To this end, in Wedge was established high-tech production lines.
For all Navigator product is characterized by reliability, safety in operation, good quality and democratic cost. Products of this company - a great budget option
Now assortment of lamps of various types, including all kinds of galogenki designed for indoor and outdoor lighting.
Camelion. Brand with a worldwide reputation, has a distribution network of partners in 80 countries on all continents. The brand entered the market in 1997, and soon he was able to take a leading position in the Russian Federation, Belarus and other CIS countries.
In addition, the company has become the official supplier of the world Carrefour network. The catalog contains over 1,000 different kinds of products, including light sources for industrial and domestic purposes, lamps of various types, and other control devices.
To date, the company tops the ranking for the production of various kinds of lighting fixtures for home and office, including halogen device
The fundamental importance of the company places on the quality of manufactured products, which is subjected to repeated checks in its own laboratories and in the certification centers of Russia.
Experts conducted a careful selection of parts and components, as well as control all stages of production.
Conclusions and useful videos on the topic
In the presented video you can hear a detailed account of halogen light sources:
Video review of the most popular galogenok used in residential areas:
For information about the rules of operation of the halogen type bulbs, observing that you can extend its life:
Lamps, flasks which are filled with halogens have good working qualities, enabling their widespread use in the home and in industry. Enterprises produce numerous lines of such products, which differ in design, power, size.
A wide range allows you to choose the option that is ideally suited to the specific requirements. It is only important to fully consider features of the proposed instruments.
Do you have experience of using halogen light sources? Tell lamps manufacturer of you preferring, and what guided in the selection. Please leave your comments, share your experiences, ask questions in a section block.