Anyone who loves tomatoes of small sizes will be intrigued by this short growing variety. Tomato rocket is distinguished by unpretentious care and resistance to disease. It can be grown not only in greenhouse conditions and unprotected soil, but also on the balcony of a city apartment. Description of the characteristics of this variety, as well as the rules of cultivation will help you decide on a tomato rocket.
rocket The culture is mid-season, owes its origin to the Soviet selection specialists, it is distinguished by a large number of advantages, which make it very popular. Harvesting can be carried out four months after planting bushes.
The plant is determinant, the bushes do not exceed forty-five centimeters in height. The elevated part of the average branching, with shortened interstices, which allows the plant to plant tightly, in limited areas.
Small foliage, dark green, fruit tassels are simple, form four to six tomatoes. The fruits have elongated plum-shaped, red( or yellow), weighing thirty-five to sixty grams.
The advantages and disadvantages of the variety
The positive qualities include:
- low crop growth;
- resistance to damage by various types of rot;
- excellent keeping quality and transportability;
- high yield;
- possibility of cleaning in a mechanized way;
- slow ripening of ripe fruits.
For all its merits, there are some negative signs:
- the ability of fruits to crack;
- crop capriciousness to watering and fertilizing.
Soil requirements for planting
In order to grow good seedlings, it is necessary to prepare a soil mixture from peat, sand and humus. And for the transplantation of culture pick a place for beds, different fertile land, filled with decomposed organic matter and mineral fertilizer compositions, among which is dominated by potash. Naturally, the beds should be well lit by the sun and have protection from strong winds.
Comply with this by the end of March. The depth of seeding should be one to two centimeters. One of the prerequisites - drainage in landing tanks. In the pots should make holes for removal of excess moisture, put clay on the bottom of the clay.
The pickling of the seedlings is performed after the appearance of two to three leaves.
Transplanting tomatoes in open ground
You can transfer seedlings to prepared greenhouses in the first days of May. They are transplanted to the beds at the end of spring - the beginning of the summer season, when the threat of night frosts will completely pass.
The landing pattern is “forty-fifty” centimeters. The variety is short, so that seven to eight bushes can be cultivated on one square meter. Before planting, three to four liters of water is poured into each well.
Care of the bush after transplanting
For the first week, tomato bushes should not be watered. Then they start watering two to three times a week, giving twenty to thirty liters of moisture per square of the plot. When the flower ovary appears, the amount of moisture should be reduced to two liters per week per bush. But when forming the fruit and pouring it, the water rate is increased to five liters per plant. If the weather conditions are wet enough, watering is not carried out to avoid cracking the fruit.
To speed up the appearance of fruits and their ripening, foliar feeding should be carried out. To do this, use the acquired chemical and biological compositions or prepare a mixture based on superphosphate independently. Lagging plants are fed with mullein, diluted with water in the ratio of "one to ten."
The need for fertilizers can be determined by a number of signs:
- twisted leaves - little moisture or nitrogen;
- yellow foliage - excess phosphorus;
- bush drying, variegated tomatoes - no potassium.
In addition, to speed up the ripening process of tomatoes, lower foliage and shoots should be removed. This measure also improves the ventilation of the lower part of plants, prevents the appearance of fungal diseases.
bush. The soil in the beds should be periodically loosened and weeds should be removed. You can slightly heal the bushes so that they can form additional roots. Watering and feeding the plants should be in the evening, so that the foliage does not get burns from the sun.
Diseases and their prevention
The main enemy is late blight. It is better not to allow him than to fight with him. If tomatoes, potatoes, and eggplants with peppers were growing on the site before, in order to avoid getting sick, the old tops should be burned back in the fall. Garden beds are treated with a special solution of Fitosporin. Seed material is recommended to use from healthy cultures, having previously treated them with a solution of manganese or another preparation.
Create problems and Colorado beetles with slugs. Beetles are harvested, the larvae are destroyed, the plants are powdered with wood ash, cornmeal and other dry substances. If the landing area is large, you will have to perform chemical treatment. The fight against slugs is the same. If the bear appeared, apply chemicals or arrange deeply buried sides around the beds.
Harvesting and storage rules
Mature fruits can be started in late August - early September. Tomatoes are used for preservation and pickling, of which they prepare salads. Fresh ripe tomatoes can be stored for a long time, even for this reason, many are grown for commercial purposes.
If you approach the cultivation of this crop wisely, it will always delight you with its rich crops. The main requirement - compliance with all rules of care.