An ancient vegetable crop - Pak Choi cabbage is rarely found on country beds. She is a close relative of Beijing cabbage, which has already become familiar to us thanks to supermarkets. The appearance of Pak Choi is like a salad, it is spiced quickly, it is easy to grow it. Traditionally, it is cultivated and used to prepare various dishes in China.
Table of contents
- Description and characteristic of Chinese cabbage Pak Choi
- Pros and cons
- Growing seedlings
- How to prepare the soil for growing
- How to plant cabbage in an open ground
- , which is why you are going to put it in your waystorage
Description and characteristics of Chinese cabbage Pak Choi
During growth, the plant forms a head socket of leaves instead of a head. Its exact size determines the grade. In general, the diameter of the socket is 30-35 cm , its height is from 10 to 50 cm .
Tender leaves, blue-green or grayish-green, have dense white petioles, tight to each other.
There are several varieties of Chinese Pak Choi:
is the leaf type in the dacha. In the leaves and petioles, in addition to vitamin C, chlorophyll, potassium, magnesium and carotene, lysine is contained. A substance that stimulates the immune system, helps the body fight infections and cancer cells.
Fresh leaves are included in salads, they have a slight bitterness and taste very much like arugula. Thick, white petioles stew or boil.
Leafy and petiolous varieties of Russian selection that need attention:
Seeds of Japanese selection are also on sale. These are hybrids resistant to diseases and very early ripening: Marie
Advantages and disadvantages of
Fast production within 30–40 days is a big plus culture. The advantages include simplicity and the possibility of growing in soils of any kind.
When choosing a variety, you need to pay attention to such characteristics as the tendency to tsvetushnosti and marksmania. It is better to acquire sustainable non-arrow varieties and hybrids. A plant that has thrown away a flower stalk loses its taste and its commercial qualities.
In short, the value of the species can be formulated as follows:
- Short vegetative period( not more than 50 days).
- Cold Resistance.
- Pathogen Resistance.
Gardeners prefer to grow seedlings for quick production. For family consumption of seeds at a time does not need much to sow. It is better, starting from the end of March, to land in several receptions. Sow in small portions - 10 seeds at a time .
Such a fractional sowing at weekly intervals ensures uniform cabbage ripening from June until the end of September. Pak Choi does not tolerate transplantation, so sow seeds in separate cups of small size.
The soil needs loose , the seeds in it grow faster. Sprouts will appear in 5, maximum 7 days. Planted on the ridge seedlings with a few leaves and a well-formed root.
Care is reduced to watering, lighting up and maintaining the air temperature in the room from 15 to 18 degrees .
Growth conditions for this variety.
The soil on the ridge should be loose, fertile and always wet .So that the cabbage does not hurt, it received enough nutrients from the soil, should not plant after the following vegetable crops:
- Cabbage( all kinds).
Planted in partial shade Pak Choi has a more delicate flavor, but matures longer.
Gardeners with experience are considered the most appropriate time for planting summer months ( July, August).Light day decreases, cabbage does not turn out. In July ridges are released. During this period, remove the bow. Pak Choi is planted in his place.
How to prepare the soil for growing
If the soil is clay, the bed under the cabbage is to be dug out from the fall .Add a bucket of humus, adding to it a superphosphate( 1 tbsp. L) and a glass of ash.
If the soil is light loam or black soil, dig up the ground in the spring of a week before transplanting .In this case, in addition to the superphosphate, add urea( 1 tsp).The fertilizer rate is per 1 m².
How to plant cabbage in open ground
The size of them should correspond to the volume of earthen coma seedlings. Place the pits in rows with a pitch equal to 30 cm in the row of and leave the same between the rows.
Seedlings replant method of transshipment .On the eve it should be watered moderately so that the earthy lump could easily be taken out of the cup, and it would not fall apart during the transplant. Sticking cabbage into the hole, you need to sprinkle the roots with earth, compact the earth and pour it with settled water.
. Care after planting.
. Care after planting is very simple. It is in periodic irrigation .Chemistry and fertilizer do not need to use. The soil was filled with organic matter when planting. These nutrients are enough to get full outlets.
Diseases and their prevention
The fear is cruciferous flea , a known pest of all plants that belong to the cruciferous family. After the seedlings have been transplanted to the ridge, you need to take care of it:
- Sprinkle the ground between the plants with ash or red pepper to scare away the flea.
- For a week at least 2 times to loosen the ground. In this case, remember that the roots of Pak Choi do not lie deep. Loosen only the top layer of 3 cm.
Harvesting and storage rules
You can pick up cabbage throughout the growing season. The socket must be cut with a knife, departing from the base by 1.5 cm .For long-term storage culture is not intended. The best option - use on the day of cleaning.
The crop can be stored in the refrigerator for several days .To do this, you need to disassemble the outlet, wash, dry. Separate leaves from stalks and store in plastic bag or plastic container. Dried petioles should be stored separately in an airtight container or bag.
Mastering the cultivation of this vegetable is easy. It will be possible to include in your diet new oriental dishes. The use of healthy cabbage has a positive effect on health. Good immunity support on the eve of winter does not hurt.