Growing sweet Yalta onions in the middle lane

Yalta onion is a well-known southern variety of this plant, which has a reference taste and appearance. Growing such a crop in the middle lane is possible, but not justified, because the resulting bulbs are fundamentally different from those grown in the southern region.

Table of contents

  • Description of Yalta onions
  • How to distinguish the Crimean onions from other varieties?
  • Growing seedlings
  • Planting in open ground
  • Crop care
  • Diseases and their prevention
  • Harvesting and storing crops

Description of Yalta onion

Onion Yalta is a relative of the Madersky flat variety that was brought to the

onion from the Madersk flat variety, which was brought to the

onion.species name - the Crimean bow. The described plant is a salad variety and has many positive qualities, the main of which is a low content of essential oils, so that the bulbs do not irritate the mucous membranes, and in their taste there is no bitterness and sharpness.

Yalta onions tied in bunches for storage
The only place where Yalta onions are cultivated is the southern coast of Crimea. If you grow such a plant in other regions, the taste becomes more acute and the variety will lose its originality.

Dry scales, which are a protective layer, can be painted in purple or pink. Juicy scales, up to 7 millimeters thick, are painted in white or pale pink color, in one head there are not more than 7 such layers. The bulb has a slightly flattened rounded shape. The main advantage will be its taste, in which there is no pronounced bitterness and sharpness.

The growing season of the variety is within 140-150 days of , from which we can conclude that the plant takes a long amount of time to fully ripen the fruits.

How to distinguish the Crimean onions from other varieties?

Yalta salad onions are very often forged. On the shelves of shops you can see red heads, which do not have the main features of the variety, but are called by its name. To avoid such situations and distinguish the Yalta look from fakes, should pay attention to the following features:

Crimean onion in the cut
  1. If you cut the onion in half, you can see that it consists of several thick and juicy layers, whose number does not exceed 7-mi pieces;
  2. Yalta bow does not cause watery eyes and other body reactions. There is no pronounced odor;
  3. In taste, such fruits are sweet and pleasant, there is no bitterness and sharpness;
  4. Ripening falls on July, and the shelf life of ripe heads does not exceed 4-5 months. Considering this factor, it can be concluded that it is impossible to purchase such a bow at the end of winter, in spring and at the beginning of summer.

Growing seedlings

In order to grow Yalta onions in the garden plot, it is first necessary to reproduce the seedlings. Seeds are sown in a greenhouse or greenhouse in late February and early March. In the event that the optimum temperature has not yet been established, containers with seedlings are placed at home on the windowsill.

As a fertile substrate for seed germination, a mixture consisting of equal parts of sod land and humus and 50 grams of mineral fertilizers is used. Earth poured into the container so that the thickness of the soil layer does not exceed 15 centimeters.

Before planting, seeds are soaked for 30-40 minutes in a weak solution of potassium permanganate, this tool will help to disinfect the planting material. In the next stage, the seeds are placed in a growth stimulator according to the instructions. This procedure will increase the chances of successful cultivation of the crop.

Growing seedlings begins with sowing seeds. They are placed in the grooves, located at a distance of 5 centimeters from each other. The distance between the individual seedlings will be equal to 1 centimeter. Seeds spread on the surface, sprinkled with soil and sprayed from the spray.

Yalta onion care in the field

In order to grow as many shoots as possible, the following rules for growing plants should be followed:

  1. Initially, the seedling container is kept in a warm and well-lit area with with an air temperature of at least 25 degrees;
  2. After 2-3 weeks after sowing the seeds, the first sprouts should roll, in this case, the container is transferred to a cooler room with a temperature of 15-20 degrees, and the light remains at the same level. This is necessary in order to prevent the seedlings from being pulled out;
  3. The topsoil should always be wet;
  4. 2 weeks after sowing, plantings are fertilized with complex mineral and nitrogen fertilizers. A week later make ammonium nitrate;
  5. As soon as the seedlings grow, they are thinned out in such a way that the distance between the plants is at least 1 centimeter;
  6. Before planting the seedlings in the soil, the amount of watering is gradually reduced.
Before planting plants in open ground, they must be hardened. To do this, the container with the seedlings is taken out to the street for the whole day; with the onset of the evening, the container is brought back into the room. On average, the planting quenched within 7 days.

Planting in open ground

Planting in open ground begins with the selection of a site for culture. It must meet the following requirements:

  1. The place must be under the open sun, because it is this factor that influences the taste and quality of the bulbs;
  2. Under natural conditions, the Yalta onion grows in areas where tartaric slate acts as the soil. At home, you need to create conditions as close as possible to the natural. The soil must be fertile;
  3. The plant is not recommended to be planted where other varieties grew. The best precursors are potatoes, cabbage, tomatoes and greens.
Yalta onions in the garden area

In the fall, the soil is carefully dug up to a depth of 30-40 centimeters. At this time, the earth is leveled and cleaned of debris and weeds. It is also necessary to make fertile and mineral compounds. In spring, the soil is fed with ammonium nitrate and potassium salt.

In order to make the soil looser, with the onset of spring it must be harrowed once every 7-10 days.

Seedlings are planted in open ground in early April, if you are late with the terms of , you can significantly reduce the yield.

Shallow grooves of at least 40 centimeters wide are made for landing. The same distance is left between the furrows. Seedlings are planted at a distance of 10 centimeters from each other. After the onion roots are covered, the soil is compacted and watered thoroughly.

Crop care

In order to get a rich harvest you need to properly care for plantings. The sweet and juicy taste of Yalta onion depends on the number of irrigations. Do not allow the soil to dry out, it should always be in a moist state. If you do not take into account this rule, the heads will be sharp and bitter.

Saplings of Yalta onion
Watering plants should be stopped 20 days before harvest. This will provide a longer shelf life.

For the full development of the bulbs, the earth is regularly weeded and loosened. This is necessary so that the plant receives as much sunlight, oxygen and moisture as possible.

The Yalta onion is very responsive to fertilizer application, so by the end of July its is fed every 10-12 days, alternating with the following compositions:

  • mullein, diluted in water in 1k5 proportion or chicken droppings, diluted in water in 1k10 ratio;
  • 20 grams of potassium chloride and 40 grams of superphosphate, dissolved in 10 liters of water.

Diseases and their prevention

Yalta onion has good resistance to various diseases. The only threat will be the possibility of rotting of the roots when the soil is wetted, therefore, watering of plants should be carried out abundantly, but moderately.

Other methods of preventing diseases will be the timely implementation of all agricultural work. A well-nourished plant copes with problems much better.

Harvesting and storage of the crop

Harvesting occurs at a later period, compared with other varieties, namely, the end of August and the beginning of September. It is at this time that the Yalta onion reaches the peak of its maturity. It is worth remembering that you can not delay the work of digging the harvest, because the autumn rains can cause rotting of the fruit.

Storage of Yalta onions in

braids. Under all storage conditions, the onions can maintain their freshness for 4-5 months:

  1. The air temperature should be within 10-15 degrees;
  2. The air must be dry, the crop is best kept at a humidity of 50 percent;
  3. The bulbs are interconnected by long shoots. The original storage method will be the manufacture of onion braids. In any case, the associated fruit is hung from the ceiling to avoid touching them to each other.

Yalta onion is one of the most delicious and well-known salad varieties, but it can only be grown in the Crimea. In other places, fruits lose their attractive taste and other properties. Agricultural cultivation of a variety requires certain skills and a solid approach to business.

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