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Huge assortment of varieties of strands in a wide variety of assortments and the conditions of the counts of the forces on the flyer in the same time, in order to be in place for a lot of countries, in order, in order to be tied, in order and at the most effective, for the most important and tangible hardships, there are a lot of patterns for the taps of the taps of the taps of the taps of the taps of the taps of the forces of the tomrats of the forces of the tom of the forces of the tom of the forces and the tomber for the flow of the tomber for the flow of the tolls of the forces of the tolls for the tolls of the tombs of the tombs for the torn counts of the taps of the tolls for the flow of teas. Amazingly beautiful bright decorative flowers can decorate any corner of the garden from early spring to mid-autumn. Starting from a simple form and ending with a terry inflorescence resembling a peony or camellia, begonia will be the highlight of a balcony flower garden or a street flowerbed. And varying the color range from a simple white to a purple hue with a border on the petals will turn your local area into a multicolored kaleidoscope.
To achieve this effect, it is necessary to have enough varieties of this crop for planting. However, not everyone will afford to buy such a number of flowers. Yes, and no one will guarantee that the plant will not die after transplantation. Therefore, the way out will be the cultivation of tuberous begonia from seed at home, which will make it possible to realize dreams and at the same time save part of the family budget.
Characteristics of tuber begonia
Tuberous begonia grow at home is not easy. Therefore, in order to obtain the maximum number of young plants and ensure abundant flowering, it is necessary to know all the details of growing and caring for it. Decorative flower has several hybrid forms and refers to perennial herbaceous tuberous plants with fleshy juicy and branching stems.
house Depending on the shape of the bush and the size of the flower they are:
- large-flowered( 7-20 cm);
- medium-flowered( up to 7 cm);
- small flowers( multiflora);
I would like to focus on the fact that each variety of tuberous begonia relates to light differently. So the large-flowered begonia of the tuberous, the photo of which is presented below, develops well and blooms profusely in partial shade. As for the small-flowered and ampelous forms, they prefer sites with sufficient lighting.
Virtually all varieties of the tuberous begonia are adversely affected by lower temperatures and weak frosts. Flowering also deteriorates during dry and hot weather, which strongly heats the soil and for this reason, the root system of begonias ceases to develop.
Cultivation of tuberous begonia from seed of the house
The seeds of begonia are very small, therefore, in order to improve the germination and planting convenience, the manufacturer covers each seed with a soluble coating. Planting of the tuberous begonia in the prepared substrate can be carried out by two methods.
- In the first case, they are sown directly into the ground, after which they are moistened with a growth stimulator.
- A in the second method, the reproduction of the tuberous begonia involves laying granulated seeds on a layer of snow. After its melting, the granules will be in a moist ground.
After planting, the seed containers are covered with transparent material to create optimal conditions for seedlings.
When growing tuber begonias from seeds on the windowsill of the house, it is very important to observe the temperature conditions. Good development of seedlings show when the air temperature is 22-24º C. It is also necessary to maintain soil moisture. Otherwise, seed pellets can dry out and harden, which will not allow the germ to turn.
When a plant produces 1-2 true leaves, it is first dived in a 2X2 tank. Planting of seedlings of tuberous begonia to a permanent place is carried out 5 weeks after the first picking.
Reproduction of the tuberous begonia in various ways
Seed reproduction of the tuberous begonia is not the only way to grow a beautiful flower. Bush plants can also be obtained with the help of a tuber, its division and leaf cuttings.
Growing begonias from tuber. After the begonia has blossomed, it must be dug out with a large earthen clod and after it has dried up it should be placed in a container with sand and peat for winter storage. During the entire period so that the tuber is well preserved, the container with the substrate is occasionally watered. With the advent of stable warm weather, when the threat of frost has passed, tubers cleared of soil can be planted in a permanent place.
Also, tuberous begonias at home can be obtained by dividing an adult tuber. For this, a successfully overwintered and healthy tuber is divided into several parts, the length of which should be no more than 5-8 cm. When it is fragmented, it is necessary to leave one bud on each part. Place slices sprinkled with crushed ash.
Prepared parts of the tubers should be planted in a vertical position in a moistened potted soil, covered with film( glass) on top and placed on a bright place. After the plant is well rooted and a few leaves appear on the shoot, you can remove the cover from the tank and plant it in a separate pot or soil. Care of tuberous begonia at this stage will consist in timely watering and fertilizing with complex fertilizers.
Reproduction by cutting the tuberous begonia. For grafting, a stem with at least two buds is selected, and the adult leaves growing on it are cut by half. To root the plant use a substrate consisting of sand and peat( 3: 1).A hole is made into it, into which a prepared cutting is neatly placed. The container is covered with a bag or a cut-off plastic bottle. The rooting process ensures that no condensate forms. After 2-4 weeks, the cuttings give roots.
Begonia care for tuberous
Begonias require abundant watering during the growing season and moderate irrigation during the flowering period. Also, for good development and constant ejection of buds, the plant needs organic mineral and fertilizers. From the beginning of the first frost, the tuber of the plant is dug out and left for winter storage in a dark, dry and well-ventilated room, the temperature of which should not exceed 3–5 degrees. In May, pre-germinated tubers in a pot can be planted in the ground.