Environmental kind fireplace, unlike gas and wood-burning equipment in this category can be used in multi-storey buildings. For his organization does not need to obtain a permit in advance. It is not necessary to build a chimney and a warehouse for the storage of fuel. And if you focus interesting features, made burner for bio fireplaces with their hands, also for arrangement substantially reduce costs. After all, is not it?
All about how to make a spectacular ekokamin smoothly with a fuel cell, you will find us in the presented article. Using the proposed information and valuable advice, you can personally make a stunning piece of furniture does not create the slightest threat to the combustion period.
This article describes in detail the process of manufacturing three independent types of burners for bio fireplaces device. Provides interesting options for decorating, recommendations on the safe use of spectacular homemade. The presented material is supplemented by a photo-illustrations and video management.
The content of the article:
The principle of operation and the device biofireplaces
- Classification method Fitting
- Advantages and disadvantages of bio fireplaces
- The main structural elements
- Burner manufacturing Properties
Embodiments of burners for bio fireplaces
- # 1: The simplest model of a fuel cell
- # 2: Two-chamber torch with perforations (slits)
- # 3: A simple device with a filler
- Fuel decorating device
- Conclusions and useful videos on the topic
The principle of operation and the device biofireplaces
Bio Fireplace (ekokamin) - option hearth which heated liquid biological fuel. The combustion of such substances are released smoke and soot, is therefore not necessary for the functioning chimney the like.
At the same time the room where Bio Fireplace is necessary periodically to ventilate, since at any combustion oxygen is consumed.
Rating bio fireplaces substantiated versatility be mounted without permitting unlike gas appliances, apparatus simplicity and maintenance
Heating bioochagov normally used fuel bioethanol or mixtures thereof. It is also possible to use other kinds of fuel, such as alcohol
In more detail the principle of operation of the fireplace on biofuel we reviewed the following article.
Classification method Fitting
Such heating devices are distinguished not so much by its design as the dimensions and placement of the apartment. According to the mentioned criteria, there are three varieties ekokaminov.
A variation # 1 - Desktop
Desktops are small articles having a variety of shapes and designs. For fire safety in such constructions provide dense refractory glass screen hiding flame.
Table biofireplaces are purely decorative function, and do not affect the temperature in the room. Such interior items can be set on the coffee table, windowsill, nightstand
Variety # 2 - The Wall
Wall device dimensions which may reach up to 1 meter in length, usually made of metal and glass. Such models are not only decorative, but also functional. They heat the premises, especially if you have multiple hearth burners.
Wall fireplaces - a stationary structure. They involve the use of special fasteners, through which heating device is securely connected to the wall
Variety # 3 - floor
Ekokaminy having a large size, installed on the floor, often in niches or corners of the room. There are floor models, complemented by support legs which permit adjustment of the height of the structure, or wheels, by which the device can be moved around the house.
Bio Fireplace floor can be finished with brick or stone. In this case, its design does not differ from traditional homes, heated with firewood or brushwood
As Wall biofireplaces, Floor options combine with the functional decorative role, filling the room with warmth.
Advantages and disadvantages of bio fireplaces
Like any device such foci have strengths and weaknesses.
Regardless of the model, all ekokaminy have the following advantages:
- The simplicity of the device. To focus the equipment does not require ventilation ducts lining, chimney device coordination with neighbors.
- Mobility. Biofireplaces usually enough light fixtures. Many options are specifically designed for their movement within the premises.
- Ease of use. Use such devices is extremely simple. It is important to only buy time biofuels and fill the fireplace.
- Security. When burning is not released soot, carbon monoxide, smoke and other harmful substances, besides in many models provided a dense screen, which prevents open flames.
- humidification. In the combustion of ethanol produced carbon dioxide and water vapor, which improve the indoor climate.
At the same time it should be noted a number of problems associated with the operation ekokaminov.
Among the negative factors include:
- low heat. When burning biofuels small amount of heat released.
- The high cost of bio-ethanol. Liquid biofuel is more expensive than traditional fuel options.
- ventilation,. Since the burning fire reduces the oxygen level in the room where the ekokamin, it is desirable to arrange it extra ventilation or take care of the frequent airing of the room.
Bioochagov negative aspects can be neglected, especially when it comes to decorative devices.
Bio-fireplace - an interesting element of decoration, often turning into a central interior accent. With this in mind, a number of shortcomings can be ignored
The main structural elements
Despite the diversity of ekokaminov models, their construction consists of similar elements, namely:
- heating unit. The main component bioochaga where the fuel. There are two variants of this device: the burner and a tank, of which we like discussed below.
- housing. This part determines the design of the product. Depending on the project the housing can be open or closed, take the form of various geometric shapes, stylized under a shelf, chandelier, coffee table.
- decorative components. For decoration ekokaminov often used inlay made of refractory materials: stone, metal, refractory ceramics.
All of these parts can be done independently, erecting Bio-fireplace with his hands.
In Biofireplaces two types of heating devices may be used: fuel tank and the burner.
Fuel tank, Which amounts from 60 ml to 5 liters, usually used in factory model bio fireplaces.
The fuel tank has many advantages, but it is hardly possible to do it yourself, because the factory technology used in its manufacture
As a rule, the tanks are made of durable metal, usually stainless steel. It is important that the walls and bottom of the device had a sufficient thickness: this ensures safety and long service life.
Fuel tanks have significant advantages:
- Their design ensures absolute tightness of the container, so that does not fall into the dust and foreign bodies.
- By using these models the room completely odorless ethanol as liquid fuel and vapors are retained in the reservoir.
- The design of fuel tanks provide a special device for regulating the intensity of the fire. This is especially important if a fireplace built into the wall or surface is decorated with accessories made of materials that do not have a special fire resistance.
- In such devices also provides for quick and easy fire extinguishing. It's enough to turn the lever by which overlaps biofuels receipt.
The disadvantage of these models is a fairly high price.
A simpler embodiment of the heating unit is Burner for ekokamina. Externally similar device looks very simple: it is intended for pouring bioethanol tank, which can have different shapes.
The use of such devices is not as convenient as the boiler fuel. In the burners does not provide a mechanism regulating the intensity of the fire, as well as the ability to quickly put out the flames flushed
To extinguish, there are special devices that need to buy extra, besides using them felt a sharp smell in the room.
The bio fireplaces, which will be used to heat the room, you can set 2-3 conventional burner, but it must comply with certain standards
At the same time, the burners for bio fireplaces has its advantages. These devices are low cost and simple design allows them to make their own. Furthermore, in one locus can be set several such devices, thereby greatly enhancing the heat transfer.
Burner manufacturing Properties
Before starting work on the creation ekokamina important to define the focus of the model: whether it will be a great device installed on the floor, the wall hanging version or a compact device, which can be put on the table. From this size directly depends burner.
Determine try sketch project Biofireplaces to prepare based on its design drawings, as well as the heating element. Since the principle of operation of the various models is usually the same, come to the fore design and functionality.
It is important to pay more attention to the quality of the materials used, because of the safety of this fireplace is dependent, as well as the period of its use. Made of solid billet heating unit will operate properly and smoothly.
Although biofuel for fireplaces are often packaged in plastic bottles, it does not mean that the burner can be made of plastic material: such a device should be made entirely of metal.
Safety regulations require that the inner surface of the vessel used for the burner construction, had an additional coating (enamel, Teflon or other)
The most durable and reliable tool made of steel, stainless steel, since such material combines a high chemical and thermal stability. It is also possible the use of conventional structural steel, although its quality indicators slightly lower.
To manufacture a fuel unit is important to apply the preform with thick walls. Thin parts will be deformed upon heating, which can lead to depressurization of the joints and the fuel leak thereby could start a fire.
The size and capacity parameters for the fuel depends not only on the size of the model, but also on the design features. If the fuel tank does not involve the use of absorbent capacity can be made low. Thus it is desirable to make the combustion has been involved in only a small surface portion of combustible material,
Bio-fireplace burners can also be equipped with a protective glass screen. For this purpose, better to take the refractory material. If it is not on hand, you can use ordinary glass, for example, taking it from the frames for A4 photos. In this case it is necessary to provide a greater distance from the burner that the material does not burst from overheating.
In order that the flame evenly distributed in all directions, the fuel tank is recommended to cover the top of the metal mesh. Such detail will also serve as the basis for the strengthening of decorative elements.
As a metal mesh for Biofireplaces construction may be a conventional network or even a device for the oven (BBQ) which is cut to the desired size
For ignition using a homemade burner wick, which can be made of the shoe lace. One end thereof is fit into biofuels filled reservoir, the second output to the outside and ignited. A particularly effective species has ekokamin outdoor wick which is hidden between the decorative elements.
The distance from the burner to the glass screen should be approximately 15 cm, the same distance should be observed between the several heating elements which are installed in one Biofireplaces.
One burner is designed for an area of 16 square meters: this standard should be taken into account when planning the focus of the device with several heating devices.
Once Biofireplaces burner is assembled, it is necessary to visually evaluate the design and to compare it with the drawing, as well as ensure that no deformation. In identifying defects should disassemble the unit and carefully re-fit the parts.
Embodiments of burners for bio fireplaces
There are many schemes for the production of fuel units on their own, we offer some simple options.
# 1: The simplest model of a fuel cell
In the simplest embodiment of the burner used for Biofireplaces conventional stainless steel container with the walls of at least 2 mm thick.
Drawing Biofireplaces floor, the length of which is 1.1 meters, with separate Marked hearth burner circuit for biofuel
The depth of this tank should be approximately 3-5 cm, and its length and width - Biofireplaces depend on parameters. The appearance of the tank does not matter, because this part is not in sight, but only a strong robust design should take.
The tank is filled quality biofuels and the wick is lowered, which is displayed on the outer surface, for example, through the mesh draped over the fire. Impregnated with fuel, the ignition cord will burn, giving a bright light.
# 2: Two-chamber torch with perforations (slits)
Such an embodiment of the commonly used models performed in factories. It allows to reduce the burning surface area and hence reduce fuel consumption.
First of all, you need to take a tray or other container made of stainless steel, the size and the requirements of which coincide with the previous version.
Then it is necessary to cut the plate of the same thickness as the tank wall, with a length equal to the length of its interior space.
The width of the element is calculated by the formula:
W = Wv - 1.5 + 2xHv
Where: Wv - the width of the inner container trays in cm, and HB - its depth (also in cm).
The plates are bent at an angle of 90about from the long edges, so as to make the legs, the height of which is equal to the depth of the bath (HB). Similarly, we obtain U-shaped element whose length corresponds to the length of the trays, and the width - 1.5 cm smaller.
In one of the legs of the U-shaped parts are drilled hole or incision it so that it was like a comb. The element is mounted on legs in a tray so that the surface between the openings (notches) and the container wall there is a gap value of 1.5 cm.
The most convenient and functional variant of the heating unit for bio fireplaces consists of two chambers and ensures smooth fire at economical expenditure of fuel
Thereafter, the tank can be filled with fuel and ignite it. When this flame will only be formed on the open narrow strip width of 1.5 cm, whereas most of the fuel in the tank, covered with a U-shaped member will not burn because of the lack of access air.
At the same time, fuel will continuously flow into a "working" chamber through the slots or openings provided in the plate.
For immediate fire extinguishing it recommended additional cut steel plate, which will cover the combustion zone.
How to make the inclination of the reservoir level? To fuel burns without residue, preferably as described above to give the bottom of the model slight inclination directed towards the "working" volume.
Make it easy enough. For this it is necessary to pour into the tank a certain amount of the gypsum mixture and then tilted in the desired direction and allow the hardening solution.
In this case, the "leg" U-shaped parts, in which there are no perforations, preferably slightly shortened to design remained strictly horizontal, despite available tilt floor.
Fuel tank with a double bottom provides an additional guarantee of safety and reliability, and also has a greater life
It is also possible to produce the fuel tank having a double bottom. For this has made the burner is placed in a larger tank, the upper member edges should overlap the bottom wall.
# 3: A simple device with a filler
working compartment tank (U-shaped portion) may also be filled with absorbent material (filler), as is most often used mineral wool.
Instead of basalt fibers is better to give preference to the material on acrylic base for the following reasons:
- This type of glass has the greatest indicator of water absorption, and therefore, it is best to absorb the liquid.
- The fibrous filler has an excellent water vapor permeability, consequently, the alcohol vapors will circulate freely between the fibers.
- Soft white wool burns for a long time, giving a bright steady flame.
- In the manufacture of this type of mineral wool is not applicable formaldehyde that ensures environmental cleanliness absorbent.
If you are unable to find wool, made on the basis of acrylic, suitable other similar products, preferably softer materials.
On the quality of filler affects even the direction of the mineral wool fibers. For better Biofireplaces suitable material having a chaotic rather than vertical fibers
Bioethanol soaked, absorbent will gradually be given fuel, prolonging the time combustion Biofireplaces.
The easiest option burner filled with glass wool available to everyone. In this case a small metal container, such as a mug or tin. The absorbent reservoir is placed so that it fills the entire volume (to solidify it is not needed), after which the filler is impregnated well bioethanol or other liquid fuels.
Just a few minutes, you can own hands to make an elementary burner for bio fireplaces using improvised metal container and lid with holes
Topped container is covered by a suitable sized metal mesh or perforated lid with holes, whereupon the fuel is ignited.
Fuel decorating device
Burner for a fireplace can be decorated with additional elements. It's not just ennoble the design, but also help to disguise the wick.
Bio Fireplace spectacularly decorate, you can use different materials. In this figure inlay is made by means of metal rods
Among the most popular decorations include:
- ceramic logsWhose size must match the dimensions of the hearth. Such elements will simulate the fire.
- Different kinds of natural and artificial stonesWhich may be the same or different sizes, transparent or colored, smooth or textured surface. Pebbles can be expanded not only on the grid, but also abroad.
- Stylized anturazhnye items: Poker, tongs, tools for the ignition and quenching. Here it is possible to supply fuel in decorative packaging.
Also good decorative paneling made of heat-resistant ceramics and earthenware, porcelain figurines, which can be put on the cover of the fireplace or next to it.
It is desirable to use removable decoration components, which will periodically change the appearance of the device.
Conclusions and useful videos on the topic
We offer you a manual for self-production of burners for bio fireplaces:
Biofireplaces handwritten manufacture, part of which is a heating element:
As you can see, the burner design is easy enough, and make it available to everyone. Place it in a suitable package, you get a wonderful Bio-fireplace, which will make the interior of the room comfort and originality of the.
We are thinking about making a biofuel fireplace with his hands? Maybe you have original ideas for decorating and want to share them with other users? Or do you want to clarify the technical aspects of the build process Biofireplaces? Or maybe you have already made a stylish fireplace and want to show it to beginners? Write your recommendation, add a photo for this article.