- What to do if there is no instruction
- The most basic steps for refueling an
- sewing machine Looking for the right parts of an
- sewing machine
- How often to lubricate a machine and how
To figure out how to use a sewing machine, in fact, the easiest! Much more difficult to learn to sew. But let's not drive the horses and start from the very beginning.
Modern cars, and not modern, by the way, are arranged almost the same. Even those rare Zingers who used long before your birth have almost the same device. And if you understand how to use any one, the other modifications will no longer be so perplexing and entering you into a stupor.
What to do if there is no instruction
Of course, it would be better, but often the opposite happens when the machine is bought from the hands or inherited. Then, before filling it up, you should try to find a detailed description of the process for this particular model on the Internet.
But we, nevertheless, give a universal process of threading and starting a typewriter, using the example of a conventional electric model. By and large, they differ only inside, and on top and on the side panels look the same. Moreover, all modern cars are equipped with small, visual pictures above each button or lever. Therefore, we must try very hard not to understand at all how to exploit it.
The most basic steps for refueling an
sewing machine When you get the hang of it, this process will take you three minutes at most. In the meantime, remember exactly what actions need to be done before sewing:
- Install the needle and fasten it
- Install the upper spool of threads
- Wind up the lower coil of
- Thread the machine from above with the thread and lead it to the lower spool of
- press the “Start” button
Of course, this procedure doesn’t tell you anything yet, but it will be very useful to you after you have read the second and third blocks. You can look at it and check, it is convenient.
And now let's step by step.
Looking for the right parts sewing machine
- power button. As a rule, it is located on the right side of the sewing machine, since all the machines are designed for those for whom the right hand is the main hand, in one word, on the right-handers.
- Upper reel seat. This is the most common pin, which is located on the body, above. A coil is put on it, nothing complicated.
- Thread Guide. It is located on the needle holder( what it is, it is understandable and without explanation, I hope).The thread guide guides the upper thread to the bobbin( the lower bobbin of the thread, which is wound with the help of the main spool on top).It looks like a small metal plate.
- Pin for bobbin unwinder. Located next to the reel holder, also has the shape of a pin, but smaller. A reel is placed on it. The thread is wound on it, and then it is placed in the bobbin and placed inside the machine, down. That is, it is the lower coil, but it refuels on top, before you get to your place.
- Buttons stitch adjusters. Usually, they are in the most prominent place of the case. They look like sliders or rotary knobs. They have drawings with stitch patterns, so it’s almost impossible to lose sight of them. With these buttons you can adjust not only the stitch length, but also the direction( forward-back).
- Take-up. Always located on the left, front of the case. The thread is tucked into it after it has been threaded into the thread guide. Looks like a lever.
- Thread tension regulator. It is located on the foot, in the form of a wheel or a twisting lever on the thread. It adjusts the tension of the thread. If it is set up incorrectly, then at the bottom of the sewing line will be with eyelets, but not smooth. In general, the seam will not be tight, but loose.
- Needle Holder with screw. A needle is inserted into it, using a slight loosening of it, and then, after the needle is inserted, the screw is tightly pulled. It is always located on the right side of the needle holder, and it is not so miniature so as not to be noticed.
- Paw. Paw because foot and that is similar to her. I'm sure you will not confuse her with anything else. But, just in case, this is a part located under the needle holder and visually similar to small skis. It is needed in order to fix and hold the fabric while sewing.
- Lever for lowering the foot. When you start sewing, you lower this lever and the foot presses down the fabric. When you finish - lift it and pull out the product.
- Needle Plate. This is such a metal plate right under the needle, with a hole for its entry.
- Fabric conveyor. These are the teeth that are on the needle plate. With their help, matter moves in the direction you need. If the stitch is pressed forward - it moves in one direction, if switched to reverse, the teeth move the fabric in the opposite direction. It always has two rows.
- Spool and lever. Always located under the needle plate. This is a box in which a flat bobbin with a thread( bottom) is placed, which is wound, putting on a pin of a bobbin –wheel. There is also a lever with which the bobbin is inserted and removed.
Step-by-Step Guide to Setting Up and Filling
And now that you have familiarized yourself with the main details, let's thread the machine and prepare it for work.
- Place the machine in a comfortable, stable place. It should stand in such a way that the needle was on the left side.
- Insert the needle, focusing on the flat side. At the top of all the needles there is such a place and it coincides with the groove on the needle holder itself. Look at which side it is located( either from behind or from the side) and insert the needle accordingly. Tighten the screw that it is not loose.
- Install the coil upward, on the coil holder( big pin).
- Pull the bobbin out of the bobbin and place it on the short pin.
- From the main coil, pull the thread through the take-up fabric and onto the reel, start the thread winding mechanism. There everything is drawn clearly and no difficulties should arise.
- Remove the spool of thread and place it in the bobbin case, fasten it under the needle plate. Make sure that the tip sticks out of the bobbin, about 5-7 cm, we will need it later.
- Thread the thread from the main spool. It is very simple to do this by simply following the signs on the sewing machine, the arrows and the drawings. If they are erased from time, or you still don’t understand anything, then usually, the process of refueling is as follows: to the left in the direction of the needle - down - up - again down - into a special lever( thread guide) - into the needle.
- Insert the thread into the needle, focusing on which side it was originally fed from, that is, without twisting or twisting the needle. Maybe this is an absurd clarification, but there are also such errors
- Pull both threads out from under the presser foot and send them back, behind the presser foot, positioning it on the needle plate. For convenience, it is possible to pry them with something, for example, with scissors.
- Connect the
- pedal to the typewriter. Turn on the
network. We practice doing the stitches
Now you need a large flap of fabric. Cut it into many smaller ones and fill your hand.
First you need to set the simplest stitch mode - straight. Scribble until you feel the “machine” listening to you.
Then learn to make turns, scribble with a corner, that is, rotate so that there is a sharp corner, then scribble near the edge, trying to make it one seam width.
Adjust the thread tension, depending on the thickness of the fabric. You can not advise anything here, it comes only with practice and empirically.
After you manage to deftly handle a straight seam, try other types of stitches( zigzag, obtuse and figured)
What tools you should always have in the arsenal of
Fabric Of course, this is the most basic set. In the process of practice, you will realize that you still do not have enough and buy it.
Proper operation and care of the machine
Machines, in general, it is not very capricious technique. But, the more functional it is, the more expensive its breakdowns are, since everything is tied up not on ordinary mechanics, which tolerates any errors, but on electronic boards. And, if you constantly get confused and press the wrong buttons, it can “turn on”.Therefore, be careful.
In addition, always clean the machine from the remnants of fabric dust and small threads.
If you do not use the machine for a long time, then store it in a box in a dry place. Moisture will rust and deteriorate internal parts.
No need to try to stitch a fabric that the machine does not “take”, this can lead to breakage. Usually, in modern models there are various modes, from silk to skin. Therefore, it is not necessary to try to scribble thick fabric in the “silk” mode.
How often to lubricate a typewriter and how
There are special, small holes for lubricating a typewriter. Bury oil in them, no less than once every six months, or even more often if you notice that she began to make noise when working more than usual.
Oil choose a good, preferably the same company as the machine itself. But pay attention to the fact that not all models need such a procedure. Some modern cars do not provide for lubrication at all and it only hurts them!
Therefore, before deciding on such a move, check with the information on the Internet about your car.
Safety in the work with the
sewing machine The most important rule - do not put your fingers under the foot! It can be very painful and creepy, especially when the needle at full speed completely pierces the pad of the fingers and nail. Brrr. .. Be careful, this is still a technique.
We hope that our explanation turned out to be detailed and useful for you. This is a universal guide by which you can use both conventional models and mini-sewing machines.
But, again, we remind you that the guide on how to use a sewing machine is just the first step at the beginning of a long journey.