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It is always nice to look at a well-groomed backyard, where beautiful flowers and a shrub are found in the flower compositions in a flower bed. Each plant requires a certain attention, for example, cannes - planting and care in the open field have certain nuances on which the decorativeness of the bush depends.
Preparation for planting in open ground
One of the most important stages of growing cann is the choice of nodules that you will plant. When buying, pay close attention to the state of the root system. It should not be:
- traces of insects;
- internal voids.
Planting cannes in the open ground in the spring is carried out with caution and in several stages. In order for the plant to bloom vigorously in June, it is necessary to germinate rhizomes in early March. For this procedure, you will need dry sawdust and shallow capacity. The sprouting algorithm is simple:
- Pour sawdust into the pot.
- Put it in a room with an average temperature of 24 - 26 degrees.
- Moisten planting material with room temperature water.
- Put the cannes tubers on top, lightly sprinkling them with woody material.
- As the sawdust dries, moisten with warm water.
- Transplant after the appearance of the first shoots in spacious pots, after removing dry and lifeless roots.
After transplantation, it is necessary to maintain the conditions necessary for the normal functioning of the germ. The temperature where canna is grown should not be below 17 ° C, because this flower is thermophilic and came to us from the southern warm continents. But it is also not worth raising the temperature regime either - before planting the cannes in the open ground, it must be hardened.
The main condition for the formation of a strong bush is sufficient lighting.
If the light is small, the sprouts will be stretched out, and the leaves will lose a rich green color. As an additional light source, you can use a desk lamp or in the evening leave the light in the room longer.
Relocation of a plant in the open ground
The main question remains, when to plant cannes in open ground? Due to the fact that canna does not tolerate cold weather, it is necessary to plant it in open ground after the threat of night or morning frost has passed.
In the southern part of Russia, the landing period starts from the end of May and lasts until mid-June.
Late disembarkation threatens with the fact that the flower will gather inflorescences for a long time or may not bloom at all. If you plant a tuber without prior germination, then flowering will begin no earlier than mid-July.
Planting and caring for canna in open field in the Urals and in other cool regions begins in early June, with the condition that the plant will take shelter at night until mid-summer. There are no other nuances in the care of the plant in areas with different climatic conditions.
When choosing a permanent place to stay cannes, it is necessary to take into account the fact that the flower is thermophilic and will please you with abundant flowering, if you create comfortable conditions for its growth.
The area where the canna is planted should be:
- as sunny as possible;
- protected from drafts and strong winds;
- cleared of weeds and dry roots;
- well fertilized.
It is necessary to take into account the fact that the plant reaches a height of 1.5 - 1.8 m, so the space should be as free as possible, because the seedlings are located at a distance of half a meter from each other.
After the place is chosen, it is necessary to prepare the holes for planting in the open ground. The sizes are taken individually and depend on the volume of the rhizome and the height of the shoots. The root should be located at a depth of 7 - 10 cm, but you need to add more space for the humus, which will improve the growth of canna.
Planting should be done as follows:
- Pour into the dug hole 1.5 - 2 liters of warm water.
- Add humus or dry manure.
- Sprinkle with 2 cm of a layer of earth.
- Pour over warm water.
- Pour or pour the recommended dose of complex fertilizer.
- Place the seedling in the middle of the hole and sprinkle with earth.
- Plentifully water.
In order to prevent root rotting from moisture overload, it is necessary to mulch the soil around the plant when it is planted.
When the canna is planted in open ground, it is necessary to ensure its proper care.
How to properly care for canna
After transplantation, canna experiences discomfort. In order for the adaptation to take place faster and the seedling has taken root, it is necessary to water the plant often during the first 3 weeks. Further, watering is reduced to 2 - 3 times a week. The frequency depends on the climatic conditions of growth, if the summer is rather dry, monitor the constant soil moisture, because the water evaporates intensively from the large leaves of the flower.
Along with the importance of watering, make sure that water does not stagnate near the roots.
Intensive loosening of the soil around cannes - prevention of rot and fungal diseases.
Flower - just a godsend for novice gardeners, because it is resistant to many diseases and does not require special conditions of planting and care in the open field. But the main decorative elements of the plant, the leaves and the inflorescences, need close attention and should also be looked after:
- Spray the leaves with a hose with a special nozzle or a watering can. But by no means at noon, because the leaves can burn!
- Wipe the leaves with a damp sponge once a week.
- Crop yellow or dried leaves and flowers.
Mineral fertilizers are applied not only during planting, but throughout the growth of cannes. The frequency of feeding can be 3 - 4 weeks. First, nitrogen or potassium fertilizers are applied, which increase the growth and survival rate of the flower, and then you can give preference to the combined dressing, where all the beneficial substances are contained in equal proportions.
If your plant has undergone any disease or is spoiled by insects, such as ants, aphids or spider mites, treat the flower with insect fungi.
Planting and care of cannes in the open field is not carried out in the autumn, because the flower will freeze when frost occurs. In any region, the tubers are dug up and sent to winter in a warmer place, such as a basement.
If you do not want to part with your pet for the winter, transplant it into a spacious pot or leave a couple of rhizomes in the spring to plant them at home during the cold season.